Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet

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Standard

Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet. / Hjorth, Mads Fiil; Sørensen, Louise Bergmann; Andersen, Rikke; Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup; Ritz, Christian; Tetens, Inge; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Astrup, Arne; Egelund, Niels; Sjödin, Anders Mikael.

In: Physiology & Behavior, Vol. 165, 2016, p. 398-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hjorth, MF, Sørensen, LB, Andersen, R, Dyssegaard, CB, Ritz, C, Tetens, I, Michaelsen, KF, Astrup, A, Egelund, N & Sjödin, AM 2016, 'Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet', Physiology & Behavior, vol. 165, pp. 398-404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.08.021

APA

Hjorth, M. F., Sørensen, L. B., Andersen, R., Dyssegaard, C. B., Ritz, C., Tetens, I., ... Sjödin, A. M. (2016). Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet. Physiology & Behavior, 165, 398-404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.08.021

Vancouver

Hjorth MF, Sørensen LB, Andersen R, Dyssegaard CB, Ritz C, Tetens I et al. Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet. Physiology & Behavior. 2016;165:398-404. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.08.021

Author

Hjorth, Mads Fiil ; Sørensen, Louise Bergmann ; Andersen, Rikke ; Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup ; Ritz, Christian ; Tetens, Inge ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Astrup, Arne ; Egelund, Niels ; Sjödin, Anders Mikael. / Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet. In: Physiology & Behavior. 2016 ; Vol. 165. pp. 398-404.

Bibtex

@article{a04588e56ab84eb894fde7c7fc7c2a93,
title = "Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet",
abstract = "BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aside from the health consequences, observational studies indicate that being overweight may also negatively affect cognitive function. However, existing evidence has to a large extent not controlled for the possible confounding effect of having different lifestyles. Therefore, the objective was to examine the independent associations between weight status and lifestyle indicators with cognitive performance in 8-11year old Danish children.SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analyses included 828 children (measured in 2011-2012) each having one to three measurement occasions separated by approximately 100days. Dietary intake, physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep duration were measured using dietary records and accelerometers. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire was used to access sleep problems and the Andersen test was carried out to estimate cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF). Weight status (underweight, normal weight, and overweight/obese) was defined according to body mass index and cognitive performance was assessed using the d2-test of attention, a reading test, and a math test. A linear mixed model including a number of fixed and random effects was used to test associations between lifestyle indicators as well as BMI category and cognitive performance.RESULTS: After adjustment for demographics, socioeconomics, and multiple lifestyle indicators, normal weight children had higher cognitive test scores than overweight/obese and underweight children of up to 89{\%} and 48{\%} of expected learning within one school year (P<0.05). Daily breakfast consumption, fewer sleep problems, higher CRF, less total physical activity, more sedentary time, and less light physical activity were associated with higher cognitive performance independently of each other in at least one of the three cognitive tests (P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Normal weight children had higher cognitive performance compared to overweight/obese as well as underweight children, independent of multiple lifestyle indicators.",
author = "Hjorth, {Mads Fiil} and S{\o}rensen, {Louise Bergmann} and Rikke Andersen and Dyssegaard, {Camilla Br{\o}rup} and Christian Ritz and Inge Tetens and Michaelsen, {Kim F.} and Arne Astrup and Niels Egelund and Sj{\"o}din, {Anders Mikael}",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 242",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.08.021",
language = "English",
volume = "165",
pages = "398--404",
journal = "Physiology & Behavior",
issn = "0031-9384",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Normal weight children have higher cognitive performance - independent of physical activity, sleep, and diet

AU - Hjorth, Mads Fiil

AU - Sørensen, Louise Bergmann

AU - Andersen, Rikke

AU - Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Tetens, Inge

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Egelund, Niels

AU - Sjödin, Anders Mikael

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 242

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aside from the health consequences, observational studies indicate that being overweight may also negatively affect cognitive function. However, existing evidence has to a large extent not controlled for the possible confounding effect of having different lifestyles. Therefore, the objective was to examine the independent associations between weight status and lifestyle indicators with cognitive performance in 8-11year old Danish children.SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analyses included 828 children (measured in 2011-2012) each having one to three measurement occasions separated by approximately 100days. Dietary intake, physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep duration were measured using dietary records and accelerometers. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire was used to access sleep problems and the Andersen test was carried out to estimate cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF). Weight status (underweight, normal weight, and overweight/obese) was defined according to body mass index and cognitive performance was assessed using the d2-test of attention, a reading test, and a math test. A linear mixed model including a number of fixed and random effects was used to test associations between lifestyle indicators as well as BMI category and cognitive performance.RESULTS: After adjustment for demographics, socioeconomics, and multiple lifestyle indicators, normal weight children had higher cognitive test scores than overweight/obese and underweight children of up to 89% and 48% of expected learning within one school year (P<0.05). Daily breakfast consumption, fewer sleep problems, higher CRF, less total physical activity, more sedentary time, and less light physical activity were associated with higher cognitive performance independently of each other in at least one of the three cognitive tests (P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Normal weight children had higher cognitive performance compared to overweight/obese as well as underweight children, independent of multiple lifestyle indicators.

AB - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aside from the health consequences, observational studies indicate that being overweight may also negatively affect cognitive function. However, existing evidence has to a large extent not controlled for the possible confounding effect of having different lifestyles. Therefore, the objective was to examine the independent associations between weight status and lifestyle indicators with cognitive performance in 8-11year old Danish children.SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analyses included 828 children (measured in 2011-2012) each having one to three measurement occasions separated by approximately 100days. Dietary intake, physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep duration were measured using dietary records and accelerometers. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire was used to access sleep problems and the Andersen test was carried out to estimate cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF). Weight status (underweight, normal weight, and overweight/obese) was defined according to body mass index and cognitive performance was assessed using the d2-test of attention, a reading test, and a math test. A linear mixed model including a number of fixed and random effects was used to test associations between lifestyle indicators as well as BMI category and cognitive performance.RESULTS: After adjustment for demographics, socioeconomics, and multiple lifestyle indicators, normal weight children had higher cognitive test scores than overweight/obese and underweight children of up to 89% and 48% of expected learning within one school year (P<0.05). Daily breakfast consumption, fewer sleep problems, higher CRF, less total physical activity, more sedentary time, and less light physical activity were associated with higher cognitive performance independently of each other in at least one of the three cognitive tests (P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Normal weight children had higher cognitive performance compared to overweight/obese as well as underweight children, independent of multiple lifestyle indicators.

U2 - 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.08.021

DO - 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.08.021

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27570193

VL - 165

SP - 398

EP - 404

JO - Physiology & Behavior

JF - Physiology & Behavior

SN - 0031-9384

ER -

ID: 165174363