Metabolic improvements during weight loss: The RNPC® cohort

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Standard

Metabolic improvements during weight loss : The RNPC® cohort. / Christensen, Lars; Thorning, Tanja Kongerslev; Fabre, Odile; Legrand, Rémy; Astrup, Arne; Hjorth, Mads Fiil.

In: Obesity Medicine, Vol. 14, 100085, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Christensen, L, Thorning, TK, Fabre, O, Legrand, R, Astrup, A & Hjorth, MF 2019, 'Metabolic improvements during weight loss: The RNPC® cohort', Obesity Medicine, vol. 14, 100085. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obmed.2019.100085

APA

Christensen, L., Thorning, T. K., Fabre, O., Legrand, R., Astrup, A., & Hjorth, M. F. (2019). Metabolic improvements during weight loss: The RNPC® cohort. Obesity Medicine, 14, [100085]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obmed.2019.100085

Vancouver

Christensen L, Thorning TK, Fabre O, Legrand R, Astrup A, Hjorth MF. Metabolic improvements during weight loss: The RNPC® cohort. Obesity Medicine. 2019;14. 100085. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obmed.2019.100085

Author

Christensen, Lars ; Thorning, Tanja Kongerslev ; Fabre, Odile ; Legrand, Rémy ; Astrup, Arne ; Hjorth, Mads Fiil. / Metabolic improvements during weight loss : The RNPC® cohort. In: Obesity Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 14.

Bibtex

@article{e46b3352466e45f092a9ae16564f0689,
title = "Metabolic improvements during weight loss: The RNPC{\circledR} cohort",
abstract = "Background/Aim: Body weight loss is essential to lower risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in overweight patients. Therefore, we examined the effectiveness of the R{\'e}{\'e}ducation Nutritionnelle et Psycho-Comportementale (RNPC{\circledR}) program, designed to improve metabolic parameters during weight loss, among different patient groups. Methods: The RNPC{\circledR} program, used in 54 French centers, starts with an energy-restricted 800–1000 kcaL/day high-protein, low-carbohydrate, and low-fat diet comprising real foods and meal replacement products. The 89{\%} (n = 10,809) of the patients completing the ∼15-week weight loss phase had a median 11{\%} of initial body weight loss and was included in the study. The weight stabilization phases of the program were not included as metabolic risk markers were only sporadically measured in those phases. Results: A total of 70.3{\%} were obese and 30.3{\%} classified as having the metabolic syndrome. Without differences in weight loss, improvements in fasting glucose were 0.1 mmoL/L (95{\%} CI -0.2; -0.03, P < 0.05), 0.6 mmoL/L (95{\%} CI -0.7; -0.5, P < 0.001), 3.0 mmoL/L (95{\%} CI -3.6; -2.5, P < 0.001) and 2.0 mmoL/L (95{\%} CI -3.1; -0.8, P < 0.05) for men with pretreatment fasting glucose of <5.6, 5.6–6.9, ≥7.0, or receiving diabetic medication, respectively. Similarly, the largest improvements in triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and alanine transaminase levels were found among male patients with the worst baseline level. Comparable results were obtained for females. Conclusion: Weight loss during the RNPC{\circledR} program is followed by overall metabolic improvement that is mainly driven by substantial improvements in specific metabolic risk markers among those with highest baseline values.",
keywords = "Diet, Metabolic syndrome, Obesity, Overweight, Weight loss",
author = "Lars Christensen and Thorning, {Tanja Kongerslev} and Odile Fabre and R{\'e}my Legrand and Arne Astrup and Hjorth, {Mads Fiil}",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 089",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.obmed.2019.100085",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "Obesity Medicine",
issn = "2451-8476",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metabolic improvements during weight loss

T2 - The RNPC® cohort

AU - Christensen, Lars

AU - Thorning, Tanja Kongerslev

AU - Fabre, Odile

AU - Legrand, Rémy

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Hjorth, Mads Fiil

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 089

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background/Aim: Body weight loss is essential to lower risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in overweight patients. Therefore, we examined the effectiveness of the Rééducation Nutritionnelle et Psycho-Comportementale (RNPC®) program, designed to improve metabolic parameters during weight loss, among different patient groups. Methods: The RNPC® program, used in 54 French centers, starts with an energy-restricted 800–1000 kcaL/day high-protein, low-carbohydrate, and low-fat diet comprising real foods and meal replacement products. The 89% (n = 10,809) of the patients completing the ∼15-week weight loss phase had a median 11% of initial body weight loss and was included in the study. The weight stabilization phases of the program were not included as metabolic risk markers were only sporadically measured in those phases. Results: A total of 70.3% were obese and 30.3% classified as having the metabolic syndrome. Without differences in weight loss, improvements in fasting glucose were 0.1 mmoL/L (95% CI -0.2; -0.03, P < 0.05), 0.6 mmoL/L (95% CI -0.7; -0.5, P < 0.001), 3.0 mmoL/L (95% CI -3.6; -2.5, P < 0.001) and 2.0 mmoL/L (95% CI -3.1; -0.8, P < 0.05) for men with pretreatment fasting glucose of <5.6, 5.6–6.9, ≥7.0, or receiving diabetic medication, respectively. Similarly, the largest improvements in triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and alanine transaminase levels were found among male patients with the worst baseline level. Comparable results were obtained for females. Conclusion: Weight loss during the RNPC® program is followed by overall metabolic improvement that is mainly driven by substantial improvements in specific metabolic risk markers among those with highest baseline values.

AB - Background/Aim: Body weight loss is essential to lower risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in overweight patients. Therefore, we examined the effectiveness of the Rééducation Nutritionnelle et Psycho-Comportementale (RNPC®) program, designed to improve metabolic parameters during weight loss, among different patient groups. Methods: The RNPC® program, used in 54 French centers, starts with an energy-restricted 800–1000 kcaL/day high-protein, low-carbohydrate, and low-fat diet comprising real foods and meal replacement products. The 89% (n = 10,809) of the patients completing the ∼15-week weight loss phase had a median 11% of initial body weight loss and was included in the study. The weight stabilization phases of the program were not included as metabolic risk markers were only sporadically measured in those phases. Results: A total of 70.3% were obese and 30.3% classified as having the metabolic syndrome. Without differences in weight loss, improvements in fasting glucose were 0.1 mmoL/L (95% CI -0.2; -0.03, P < 0.05), 0.6 mmoL/L (95% CI -0.7; -0.5, P < 0.001), 3.0 mmoL/L (95% CI -3.6; -2.5, P < 0.001) and 2.0 mmoL/L (95% CI -3.1; -0.8, P < 0.05) for men with pretreatment fasting glucose of <5.6, 5.6–6.9, ≥7.0, or receiving diabetic medication, respectively. Similarly, the largest improvements in triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and alanine transaminase levels were found among male patients with the worst baseline level. Comparable results were obtained for females. Conclusion: Weight loss during the RNPC® program is followed by overall metabolic improvement that is mainly driven by substantial improvements in specific metabolic risk markers among those with highest baseline values.

KW - Diet

KW - Metabolic syndrome

KW - Obesity

KW - Overweight

KW - Weight loss

U2 - 10.1016/j.obmed.2019.100085

DO - 10.1016/j.obmed.2019.100085

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85062461892

VL - 14

JO - Obesity Medicine

JF - Obesity Medicine

SN - 2451-8476

M1 - 100085

ER -

ID: 214643625