Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health. / Benítez-Páez, Alfonso; Gómez Del Pulgar, Eva M.; Kjølbæk, Louise; Brahe, Lena Kirchner; Astrup, Arne; Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup; Sanz, Yolanda.

In: Trends in Food Science & Technology, Vol. 57, 01.11.2016, p. 201-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Benítez-Páez, A, Gómez Del Pulgar, EM, Kjølbæk, L, Brahe, LK, Astrup, A, Larsen, LH & Sanz, Y 2016, 'Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health', Trends in Food Science & Technology, vol. 57, pp. 201-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2016.11.001

APA

Benítez-Páez, A., Gómez Del Pulgar, E. M., Kjølbæk, L., Brahe, L. K., Astrup, A., Larsen, L. H., & Sanz, Y. (2016). Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 57, 201-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2016.11.001

Vancouver

Benítez-Páez A, Gómez Del Pulgar EM, Kjølbæk L, Brahe LK, Astrup A, Larsen LH et al. Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health. Trends in Food Science & Technology. 2016 Nov 1;57:201-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2016.11.001

Author

Benítez-Páez, Alfonso ; Gómez Del Pulgar, Eva M. ; Kjølbæk, Louise ; Brahe, Lena Kirchner ; Astrup, Arne ; Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup ; Sanz, Yolanda. / Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health. In: Trends in Food Science & Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 57. pp. 201-212.

Bibtex

@article{c6713c3286e8488398c997835066d40d,
title = "Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health",
abstract = "Background Scientific evidence suggests that diet plays a role in obesity and its comorbidities, partly via its interactions with the individual's gut microbiota. Likewise, the individual's microbiota influences the efficacy of dietary interventions to reduce body weight. However, we require a better understanding of the key components of the gut microbiota that are responsive to specific diets and of their effects on energy balance in order to use this information in practice. Scope and approach This review provides an up-to-date description of the influence of dietary fibers and fat on gut microbiota and the mechanisms presumably mediating their effects on metabolic health. We also discuss the main knowledge gaps and the need to gain greater understanding of the role of diet-microbe interactions in obesity and the associated comorbidities. Key findings and conclusions Dietary fibers are major drivers of gut microbiota composition and function, stimulating the dominance of bacteria able to utilize these substrates as energy source, although effects vary depending on both the type of fiber and the individual's microbiota. However, the key bacteria and the primary and secondary metabolic pathways mediating specific fiber-induced effects on the metabolic phenotype remain unclear, and this information is necessary to personalize fiber-based interventions. The literature also shows that gut microbiota contributes to the adverse consequences of high-fat diets on the metabolic phenotype; however, little is known about the effects of dietary fat type. Further progress is expected from translational approaches integrating controlled dietary intervention human trials, combining functional omics technologies and physiological/clinical endpoints, and mechanistic studies in experimental models. This will ultimately help us to progress towards establishing informed microbiome-based dietary recommendations and interventions, which can contribute to tackling the obesity epidemic and its comorbidities.",
keywords = "Diet-related diseases, Fat, Fiber, Gut microbiota, Microbiome, Obesity",
author = "Alfonso Ben{\'i}tez-P{\'a}ez and {G{\'o}mez Del Pulgar}, {Eva M.} and Louise Kj{\o}lb{\ae}k and Brahe, {Lena Kirchner} and Arne Astrup and Larsen, {Lesli Hingstrup} and Yolanda Sanz",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 370",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.tifs.2016.11.001",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "201--212",
journal = "Trends in Food Science & Technology",
issn = "0924-2244",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of dietary fiber and fat on gut microbiota re-modeling and metabolic health

AU - Benítez-Páez, Alfonso

AU - Gómez Del Pulgar, Eva M.

AU - Kjølbæk, Louise

AU - Brahe, Lena Kirchner

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup

AU - Sanz, Yolanda

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 370

PY - 2016/11/1

Y1 - 2016/11/1

N2 - Background Scientific evidence suggests that diet plays a role in obesity and its comorbidities, partly via its interactions with the individual's gut microbiota. Likewise, the individual's microbiota influences the efficacy of dietary interventions to reduce body weight. However, we require a better understanding of the key components of the gut microbiota that are responsive to specific diets and of their effects on energy balance in order to use this information in practice. Scope and approach This review provides an up-to-date description of the influence of dietary fibers and fat on gut microbiota and the mechanisms presumably mediating their effects on metabolic health. We also discuss the main knowledge gaps and the need to gain greater understanding of the role of diet-microbe interactions in obesity and the associated comorbidities. Key findings and conclusions Dietary fibers are major drivers of gut microbiota composition and function, stimulating the dominance of bacteria able to utilize these substrates as energy source, although effects vary depending on both the type of fiber and the individual's microbiota. However, the key bacteria and the primary and secondary metabolic pathways mediating specific fiber-induced effects on the metabolic phenotype remain unclear, and this information is necessary to personalize fiber-based interventions. The literature also shows that gut microbiota contributes to the adverse consequences of high-fat diets on the metabolic phenotype; however, little is known about the effects of dietary fat type. Further progress is expected from translational approaches integrating controlled dietary intervention human trials, combining functional omics technologies and physiological/clinical endpoints, and mechanistic studies in experimental models. This will ultimately help us to progress towards establishing informed microbiome-based dietary recommendations and interventions, which can contribute to tackling the obesity epidemic and its comorbidities.

AB - Background Scientific evidence suggests that diet plays a role in obesity and its comorbidities, partly via its interactions with the individual's gut microbiota. Likewise, the individual's microbiota influences the efficacy of dietary interventions to reduce body weight. However, we require a better understanding of the key components of the gut microbiota that are responsive to specific diets and of their effects on energy balance in order to use this information in practice. Scope and approach This review provides an up-to-date description of the influence of dietary fibers and fat on gut microbiota and the mechanisms presumably mediating their effects on metabolic health. We also discuss the main knowledge gaps and the need to gain greater understanding of the role of diet-microbe interactions in obesity and the associated comorbidities. Key findings and conclusions Dietary fibers are major drivers of gut microbiota composition and function, stimulating the dominance of bacteria able to utilize these substrates as energy source, although effects vary depending on both the type of fiber and the individual's microbiota. However, the key bacteria and the primary and secondary metabolic pathways mediating specific fiber-induced effects on the metabolic phenotype remain unclear, and this information is necessary to personalize fiber-based interventions. The literature also shows that gut microbiota contributes to the adverse consequences of high-fat diets on the metabolic phenotype; however, little is known about the effects of dietary fat type. Further progress is expected from translational approaches integrating controlled dietary intervention human trials, combining functional omics technologies and physiological/clinical endpoints, and mechanistic studies in experimental models. This will ultimately help us to progress towards establishing informed microbiome-based dietary recommendations and interventions, which can contribute to tackling the obesity epidemic and its comorbidities.

KW - Diet-related diseases

KW - Fat

KW - Fiber

KW - Gut microbiota

KW - Microbiome

KW - Obesity

U2 - 10.1016/j.tifs.2016.11.001

DO - 10.1016/j.tifs.2016.11.001

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85002202547

VL - 57

SP - 201

EP - 212

JO - Trends in Food Science & Technology

JF - Trends in Food Science & Technology

SN - 0924-2244

ER -

ID: 170741104