Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Standard

Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook. / Andersen, Tea Sindbæk.

Disputed Memory: Emotions and Memory Politics in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. ed. / Tea Sindbæk Andersen; Barbara Törnquist-Plewa. Berlin : De Gruyter, 2016. p. 297-317 (Media and Cultural Memory, Vol. 24).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Andersen, TS 2016, Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook. in T Sindbæk Andersen & B Törnquist-Plewa (eds), Disputed Memory: Emotions and Memory Politics in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. De Gruyter, Berlin, Media and Cultural Memory, vol. 24, pp. 297-317. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110453539-013

APA

Andersen, T. S. (2016). Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook. In T. Sindbæk Andersen, & B. Törnquist-Plewa (Eds.), Disputed Memory: Emotions and Memory Politics in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe (pp. 297-317). Berlin: De Gruyter. Media and Cultural Memory, Vol.. 24 https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110453539-013

Vancouver

Andersen TS. Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook. In Sindbæk Andersen T, Törnquist-Plewa B, editors, Disputed Memory: Emotions and Memory Politics in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. Berlin: De Gruyter. 2016. p. 297-317. (Media and Cultural Memory, Vol. 24). https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110453539-013

Author

Andersen, Tea Sindbæk. / Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook. Disputed Memory: Emotions and Memory Politics in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. editor / Tea Sindbæk Andersen ; Barbara Törnquist-Plewa. Berlin : De Gruyter, 2016. pp. 297-317 (Media and Cultural Memory, Vol. 24).

Bibtex

@inbook{ec1f2c2f8056411493b5b494b5746c6b,
title = "Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook",
abstract = "On 19 November 2013, as Croatia’s national football team defeated Iceland and thus secured its participation in the World Championship, Croatian defender Josip Šimunić celebrated by leading a chant associated with the fascist Ustasha regime, known for its genocidal campaigns against Serbs, Jews and Roma in Croatia and Bosnia during the Second World War. As a result of his celebration, Šimunić was fined by Zagreb’s county court for inciting racist hatred and the International Football Association, FIFA, banned Šimunić from participating in 10 international matches including the World Championship. By late November 2013, a facebook page set up in defense of Šimunić had received 150000 ‘likes’ and many lengthy comments. Moreover, the page promoted an online petition, soon signed by more than 30000, which aimed to convince FIFA that Šimunić was misunderstood. Both the facebook page and the petition and its comments were deeply engaged in negotiating the meaning of Šimunić’s chant, questioning its connection to Fascism. Attempts were made at rethinking Croatia’s Fascist past and at framing memory to emphasize Croatia’s victimization through the crimes of others.This chapter investigates the types of memory negotiation that took place on the Facebook page supporting Šimunić and on the petition webpage. Indeed, the Facebook page and its users vehemently contested both the official Croatian interpretation and that of the international football organization, trying instead to construct from below a different version of the event at the football match, a different meaning of Šimunić’s greeting and a different understanding of Croatia’s history. The Šimunić affair is an example of a pop-cultural event actualizing memory through a certain symbol, the chant, and of social media distributing it quickly and widely, engaging a large and somehow unusual group of memory actors.",
keywords = "Faculty of Humanities, Cultural Memory, Fascism, Digital Media, Popular Culture, Croatia",
author = "Andersen, {Tea Sindb{\ae}k}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1515/9783110453539-013",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-11-043763-8",
series = "Media and Cultural Memory",
publisher = "De Gruyter",
pages = "297--317",
editor = "{Sindb{\ae}k Andersen}, Tea and Barbara T{\"o}rnquist-Plewa",
booktitle = "Disputed Memory",
address = "Germany",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook

AU - Andersen, Tea Sindbæk

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - On 19 November 2013, as Croatia’s national football team defeated Iceland and thus secured its participation in the World Championship, Croatian defender Josip Šimunić celebrated by leading a chant associated with the fascist Ustasha regime, known for its genocidal campaigns against Serbs, Jews and Roma in Croatia and Bosnia during the Second World War. As a result of his celebration, Šimunić was fined by Zagreb’s county court for inciting racist hatred and the International Football Association, FIFA, banned Šimunić from participating in 10 international matches including the World Championship. By late November 2013, a facebook page set up in defense of Šimunić had received 150000 ‘likes’ and many lengthy comments. Moreover, the page promoted an online petition, soon signed by more than 30000, which aimed to convince FIFA that Šimunić was misunderstood. Both the facebook page and the petition and its comments were deeply engaged in negotiating the meaning of Šimunić’s chant, questioning its connection to Fascism. Attempts were made at rethinking Croatia’s Fascist past and at framing memory to emphasize Croatia’s victimization through the crimes of others.This chapter investigates the types of memory negotiation that took place on the Facebook page supporting Šimunić and on the petition webpage. Indeed, the Facebook page and its users vehemently contested both the official Croatian interpretation and that of the international football organization, trying instead to construct from below a different version of the event at the football match, a different meaning of Šimunić’s greeting and a different understanding of Croatia’s history. The Šimunić affair is an example of a pop-cultural event actualizing memory through a certain symbol, the chant, and of social media distributing it quickly and widely, engaging a large and somehow unusual group of memory actors.

AB - On 19 November 2013, as Croatia’s national football team defeated Iceland and thus secured its participation in the World Championship, Croatian defender Josip Šimunić celebrated by leading a chant associated with the fascist Ustasha regime, known for its genocidal campaigns against Serbs, Jews and Roma in Croatia and Bosnia during the Second World War. As a result of his celebration, Šimunić was fined by Zagreb’s county court for inciting racist hatred and the International Football Association, FIFA, banned Šimunić from participating in 10 international matches including the World Championship. By late November 2013, a facebook page set up in defense of Šimunić had received 150000 ‘likes’ and many lengthy comments. Moreover, the page promoted an online petition, soon signed by more than 30000, which aimed to convince FIFA that Šimunić was misunderstood. Both the facebook page and the petition and its comments were deeply engaged in negotiating the meaning of Šimunić’s chant, questioning its connection to Fascism. Attempts were made at rethinking Croatia’s Fascist past and at framing memory to emphasize Croatia’s victimization through the crimes of others.This chapter investigates the types of memory negotiation that took place on the Facebook page supporting Šimunić and on the petition webpage. Indeed, the Facebook page and its users vehemently contested both the official Croatian interpretation and that of the international football organization, trying instead to construct from below a different version of the event at the football match, a different meaning of Šimunić’s greeting and a different understanding of Croatia’s history. The Šimunić affair is an example of a pop-cultural event actualizing memory through a certain symbol, the chant, and of social media distributing it quickly and widely, engaging a large and somehow unusual group of memory actors.

KW - Faculty of Humanities

KW - Cultural Memory

KW - Fascism

KW - Digital Media

KW - Popular Culture

KW - Croatia

U2 - 10.1515/9783110453539-013

DO - 10.1515/9783110453539-013

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 978-3-11-043763-8

T3 - Media and Cultural Memory

SP - 297

EP - 317

BT - Disputed Memory

A2 - Sindbæk Andersen, Tea

A2 - Törnquist-Plewa, Barbara

PB - De Gruyter

CY - Berlin

ER -

ID: 164438450