Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults. / Ibrügger, Sabine; Kristensen, Mette Bredal; Poulsen, Malene Wibe; Mikkelsen, Mette Skau; Ejsing, Johnny; Jespersen, Birthe P Møller; Dragsted, Lars Ove; Engelsen, Søren Balling; Bügel, Susanne Gjedsted.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 143, No. 10, 2013, p. 1579-1585.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Ibrügger, S, Kristensen, MB, Poulsen, MW, Mikkelsen, MS, Ejsing, J, Jespersen, BPM, Dragsted, LO, Engelsen, SB & Bügel, SG 2013, 'Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 143, no. 10, pp. 1579-1585. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.112.173054

APA

Ibrügger, S., Kristensen, M. B., Poulsen, M. W., Mikkelsen, M. S., Ejsing, J., Jespersen, B. P. M., ... Bügel, S. G. (2013). Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults. Journal of Nutrition, 143(10), 1579-1585. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.112.173054

Vancouver

Ibrügger S, Kristensen MB, Poulsen MW, Mikkelsen MS, Ejsing J, Jespersen BPM et al. Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults. Journal of Nutrition. 2013;143(10):1579-1585. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.112.173054

Author

Ibrügger, Sabine ; Kristensen, Mette Bredal ; Poulsen, Malene Wibe ; Mikkelsen, Mette Skau ; Ejsing, Johnny ; Jespersen, Birthe P Møller ; Dragsted, Lars Ove ; Engelsen, Søren Balling ; Bügel, Susanne Gjedsted. / Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2013 ; Vol. 143, No. 10. pp. 1579-1585.

Bibtex

@article{586fea3c91d8471294b1109d56ac8462,
title = "Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults",
abstract = "β-Glucans are known to exhibit hypocholesterolemic effects. Increased intestinal viscosity is thought to be crucial for cholesterol lowering. It is suggested that concentration, molecular mass, and structure, including the ratio of (1→3) to (1→4) glucan bonds in the molecule, are of importance for β-glucan functionality. This study investigates the effects of 3 different β-glucan sources, incorporated into a beverage and yogurt, on blood lipids and fecal endpoints. Fourteen participants completed this randomized, crossover, single-blinded study with four 3-wk periods: control and 3.3 g/d oat, barley, and barley mutant β-glucans of similar molecular mass. Before and after each period, fasting and postprandial blood samples were drawn and 3-d fecal samples were collected. Treatment did not affect changes in total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol compared with control; however, consumption of 3.3 g/d of oat β-glucans for 3 wk resulted in greater decreases in total (-0.29 ± 0.09 mmol/L, P <0.01), LDL (-0.23 ± 0.07 mmol/L, P <0.01), and HDL (-0.05 ± 0.0.3 mmol/L, P <0.05) cholesterol compared with baseline. Changes in LDL in the β-glucan treatments were not related to β-glucan structure (cellotriosyl:cellotetraosyl). Decreases in fasting triacylglycerol were substantially greater after oat β-glucan treatment compared with control (P = 0.03). Fecal dry and wet weight, stool frequency, fecal pH, and energy excretion were unaffected. The results do not fully support the hypocholesterolemic effects by differently structured oat and barley β-glucans. However, substantial differences compared with baseline suggest a potential for oat β-glucan, presumably due to its higher solubility and viscosity. This underlines the importance of elusive structural β-glucan features for beneficial physiologic effects.",
author = "Sabine Ibr{\"u}gger and Kristensen, {Mette Bredal} and Poulsen, {Malene Wibe} and Mikkelsen, {Mette Skau} and Johnny Ejsing and Jespersen, {Birthe P M{\o}ller} and Dragsted, {Lars Ove} and Engelsen, {S{\o}ren Balling} and B{\"u}gel, {Susanne Gjedsted}",
note = "CURIS 2013 NEXS 220",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.3945/jn.112.173054",
language = "English",
volume = "143",
pages = "1579--1585",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0022-3166",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extracted oat and barley β-glucans do not affect cholesterol metabolism in young healthy adults

AU - Ibrügger, Sabine

AU - Kristensen, Mette Bredal

AU - Poulsen, Malene Wibe

AU - Mikkelsen, Mette Skau

AU - Ejsing, Johnny

AU - Jespersen, Birthe P Møller

AU - Dragsted, Lars Ove

AU - Engelsen, Søren Balling

AU - Bügel, Susanne Gjedsted

N1 - CURIS 2013 NEXS 220

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - β-Glucans are known to exhibit hypocholesterolemic effects. Increased intestinal viscosity is thought to be crucial for cholesterol lowering. It is suggested that concentration, molecular mass, and structure, including the ratio of (1→3) to (1→4) glucan bonds in the molecule, are of importance for β-glucan functionality. This study investigates the effects of 3 different β-glucan sources, incorporated into a beverage and yogurt, on blood lipids and fecal endpoints. Fourteen participants completed this randomized, crossover, single-blinded study with four 3-wk periods: control and 3.3 g/d oat, barley, and barley mutant β-glucans of similar molecular mass. Before and after each period, fasting and postprandial blood samples were drawn and 3-d fecal samples were collected. Treatment did not affect changes in total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol compared with control; however, consumption of 3.3 g/d of oat β-glucans for 3 wk resulted in greater decreases in total (-0.29 ± 0.09 mmol/L, P <0.01), LDL (-0.23 ± 0.07 mmol/L, P <0.01), and HDL (-0.05 ± 0.0.3 mmol/L, P <0.05) cholesterol compared with baseline. Changes in LDL in the β-glucan treatments were not related to β-glucan structure (cellotriosyl:cellotetraosyl). Decreases in fasting triacylglycerol were substantially greater after oat β-glucan treatment compared with control (P = 0.03). Fecal dry and wet weight, stool frequency, fecal pH, and energy excretion were unaffected. The results do not fully support the hypocholesterolemic effects by differently structured oat and barley β-glucans. However, substantial differences compared with baseline suggest a potential for oat β-glucan, presumably due to its higher solubility and viscosity. This underlines the importance of elusive structural β-glucan features for beneficial physiologic effects.

AB - β-Glucans are known to exhibit hypocholesterolemic effects. Increased intestinal viscosity is thought to be crucial for cholesterol lowering. It is suggested that concentration, molecular mass, and structure, including the ratio of (1→3) to (1→4) glucan bonds in the molecule, are of importance for β-glucan functionality. This study investigates the effects of 3 different β-glucan sources, incorporated into a beverage and yogurt, on blood lipids and fecal endpoints. Fourteen participants completed this randomized, crossover, single-blinded study with four 3-wk periods: control and 3.3 g/d oat, barley, and barley mutant β-glucans of similar molecular mass. Before and after each period, fasting and postprandial blood samples were drawn and 3-d fecal samples were collected. Treatment did not affect changes in total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol compared with control; however, consumption of 3.3 g/d of oat β-glucans for 3 wk resulted in greater decreases in total (-0.29 ± 0.09 mmol/L, P <0.01), LDL (-0.23 ± 0.07 mmol/L, P <0.01), and HDL (-0.05 ± 0.0.3 mmol/L, P <0.05) cholesterol compared with baseline. Changes in LDL in the β-glucan treatments were not related to β-glucan structure (cellotriosyl:cellotetraosyl). Decreases in fasting triacylglycerol were substantially greater after oat β-glucan treatment compared with control (P = 0.03). Fecal dry and wet weight, stool frequency, fecal pH, and energy excretion were unaffected. The results do not fully support the hypocholesterolemic effects by differently structured oat and barley β-glucans. However, substantial differences compared with baseline suggest a potential for oat β-glucan, presumably due to its higher solubility and viscosity. This underlines the importance of elusive structural β-glucan features for beneficial physiologic effects.

U2 - 10.3945/jn.112.173054

DO - 10.3945/jn.112.173054

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23946347

VL - 143

SP - 1579

EP - 1585

JO - Journal of Nutrition

JF - Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0022-3166

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 49380186