Ethephon-induced changes in antioxidants and phenolic compounds in anthocyanin-producing black carrot hairy root cultures

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Hairy root (HR) cultures are quickly evolving as fundamental research tool and as bio-based production system for secondary metabolites. In this study, an efficient protocol for establishment and elicitation of anthocyanin-producing HR cultures from black carrot was established. Taproot and hypocotyl explants of four carrot cultivars were transformed using wild-type Rhizobium rhizogenes. HR growth performance on plates was monitored to identify three fast-growing HR lines, two originating from root explants (lines NB-R and 43-R) and one from a hypocotyl explant (line 43-H). The HR biomass accumulated 25- to 30-fold in liquid media over a 4-week period. Nine anthocyanins and 19 hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives were identified and monitored using UPLC-PDA-TOF during HR growth. Adding ethephon, an ethylene-releasing compound, to the HR culture substantially increased the anthocyanin content by up to 82% in line 43-R and hydroxycinnamic acid concentrations by over 20% in line NB-R. Moreover, the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase increased in the HRs in response to ethephon, which could be related to the functionality and compartmentalisation of anthocyanins. These findings present black carrot HR cultures as a platform for the in vitro production of anthocyanins and antioxidants and add insight into the regulation of secondary metabolism in black carrot.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 17 Aug 2020

ID: 248725877