Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark: a randomised controlled trial

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Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark : a randomised controlled trial. / Grønborg, Ida M; Tetens, Inge; Andersen, Elisabeth Wreford; Kristensen, Michael; Larsen, Rikke E K; Tran, Thanh L L; Andersen, Rikke.

In: Nutrition Journal, Vol. 18, 82, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Grønborg, IM, Tetens, I, Andersen, EW, Kristensen, M, Larsen, REK, Tran, TLL & Andersen, R 2019, 'Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark: a randomised controlled trial', Nutrition Journal, vol. 18, 82. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-019-0504-9

APA

Grønborg, I. M., Tetens, I., Andersen, E. W., Kristensen, M., Larsen, R. E. K., Tran, T. L. L., & Andersen, R. (2019). Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark: a randomised controlled trial. Nutrition Journal, 18, [82]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-019-0504-9

Vancouver

Grønborg IM, Tetens I, Andersen EW, Kristensen M, Larsen REK, Tran TLL et al. Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark: a randomised controlled trial. Nutrition Journal. 2019;18. 82. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-019-0504-9

Author

Grønborg, Ida M ; Tetens, Inge ; Andersen, Elisabeth Wreford ; Kristensen, Michael ; Larsen, Rikke E K ; Tran, Thanh L L ; Andersen, Rikke. / Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark : a randomised controlled trial. In: Nutrition Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 18.

Bibtex

@article{402d48b780a745e782a8b1c4060a84f1,
title = "Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark: a randomised controlled trial",
abstract = "Background: Deficient and insufficient vitamin D status (defined as serum 25(OH)D < 30 nmol and  l> 50 nmol/L) is prevalent worldwide and associated with decreased muscle strength and poor bone health. We aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D fortification on bone markers and muscle strength among younger adult women at risk of vitamin D deficiency.Methods: A 12-week randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled winter intervention trial, providing 30 μg vitamin D3/day through fortified yoghurt, cheese, eggs and crisp-bread or similar placebo products. Participants were 143 women of Danish and Pakistani origin 18-50 years of age, living in Denmark, randomised into four groups stratified by ethnicity. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) by LC-MS/MS and the secondary endpoints: four specific bone markers (osteocalcin (OC), Bone specific Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP), Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP), C-terminal crosslinked telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX)) and three muscle strength measures (handgrip, knee extension strength, chair-standing), were assessed using one-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD and subsequent linear ANCOVA models, adjusted for relevant covariates.Results: Significantly increased serum 25(OH)D concentration from 53.3 (17) to 77.8 (14) nmol/L and from 44.5 (21) to 54.7 (18) nmol/L among Danish and Pakistani women in the fortified groups, respectively (P <  0.05). The bone turnover markers OC, BALP, P1NP and CTX did not change significantly. Muscle strength by handgrip, knee extension and chair-standing test did not change significantly following the intervention.Conclusions: Consumption of vitamin D fortified foods for 12 weeks did not result in significant changes of the bone turnover markers OC, BALP, P1NP and CTX. Muscle strength measured as hand grip strength, knee extension strength and chair-standing did not change significantly following the intervention.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Vitamin D, Randomised controlled trial, Immigrants, Food, Fortified, Muscle strength, Bone resorption, Bone regeneration",
author = "Gr{\o}nborg, {Ida M} and Inge Tetens and Andersen, {Elisabeth Wreford} and Michael Kristensen and Larsen, {Rikke E K} and Tran, {Thanh L L} and Rikke Andersen",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 377",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1186/s12937-019-0504-9",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "Nutrition Journal",
issn = "1475-2891",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of vitamin D fortified foods on bone markers and muscle strength in women of Pakistani and Danish origin living in Denmark

T2 - a randomised controlled trial

AU - Grønborg, Ida M

AU - Tetens, Inge

AU - Andersen, Elisabeth Wreford

AU - Kristensen, Michael

AU - Larsen, Rikke E K

AU - Tran, Thanh L L

AU - Andersen, Rikke

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 377

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Deficient and insufficient vitamin D status (defined as serum 25(OH)D < 30 nmol and  l> 50 nmol/L) is prevalent worldwide and associated with decreased muscle strength and poor bone health. We aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D fortification on bone markers and muscle strength among younger adult women at risk of vitamin D deficiency.Methods: A 12-week randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled winter intervention trial, providing 30 μg vitamin D3/day through fortified yoghurt, cheese, eggs and crisp-bread or similar placebo products. Participants were 143 women of Danish and Pakistani origin 18-50 years of age, living in Denmark, randomised into four groups stratified by ethnicity. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) by LC-MS/MS and the secondary endpoints: four specific bone markers (osteocalcin (OC), Bone specific Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP), Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP), C-terminal crosslinked telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX)) and three muscle strength measures (handgrip, knee extension strength, chair-standing), were assessed using one-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD and subsequent linear ANCOVA models, adjusted for relevant covariates.Results: Significantly increased serum 25(OH)D concentration from 53.3 (17) to 77.8 (14) nmol/L and from 44.5 (21) to 54.7 (18) nmol/L among Danish and Pakistani women in the fortified groups, respectively (P <  0.05). The bone turnover markers OC, BALP, P1NP and CTX did not change significantly. Muscle strength by handgrip, knee extension and chair-standing test did not change significantly following the intervention.Conclusions: Consumption of vitamin D fortified foods for 12 weeks did not result in significant changes of the bone turnover markers OC, BALP, P1NP and CTX. Muscle strength measured as hand grip strength, knee extension strength and chair-standing did not change significantly following the intervention.

AB - Background: Deficient and insufficient vitamin D status (defined as serum 25(OH)D < 30 nmol and  l> 50 nmol/L) is prevalent worldwide and associated with decreased muscle strength and poor bone health. We aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D fortification on bone markers and muscle strength among younger adult women at risk of vitamin D deficiency.Methods: A 12-week randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled winter intervention trial, providing 30 μg vitamin D3/day through fortified yoghurt, cheese, eggs and crisp-bread or similar placebo products. Participants were 143 women of Danish and Pakistani origin 18-50 years of age, living in Denmark, randomised into four groups stratified by ethnicity. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) by LC-MS/MS and the secondary endpoints: four specific bone markers (osteocalcin (OC), Bone specific Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP), Procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP), C-terminal crosslinked telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX)) and three muscle strength measures (handgrip, knee extension strength, chair-standing), were assessed using one-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD and subsequent linear ANCOVA models, adjusted for relevant covariates.Results: Significantly increased serum 25(OH)D concentration from 53.3 (17) to 77.8 (14) nmol/L and from 44.5 (21) to 54.7 (18) nmol/L among Danish and Pakistani women in the fortified groups, respectively (P <  0.05). The bone turnover markers OC, BALP, P1NP and CTX did not change significantly. Muscle strength by handgrip, knee extension and chair-standing test did not change significantly following the intervention.Conclusions: Consumption of vitamin D fortified foods for 12 weeks did not result in significant changes of the bone turnover markers OC, BALP, P1NP and CTX. Muscle strength measured as hand grip strength, knee extension strength and chair-standing did not change significantly following the intervention.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Vitamin D

KW - Randomised controlled trial

KW - Immigrants

KW - Food

KW - Fortified

KW - Muscle strength

KW - Bone resorption

KW - Bone regeneration

U2 - 10.1186/s12937-019-0504-9

DO - 10.1186/s12937-019-0504-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31791333

VL - 18

JO - Nutrition Journal

JF - Nutrition Journal

SN - 1475-2891

M1 - 82

ER -

ID: 231304286