Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children: secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children : secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study. / Sørensen, Louise Bergmann; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde; Petersen, Rikke Agnete; Egelund, Niels; Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup; Stark, Ken D; Andersen, Rikke; Tetens, Inge; Astrup, Arne; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Lauritzen, Lotte.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 114, No. 10, 2015, p. 1623-1637.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Sørensen, LB, Damsgaard, CT, Dalskov, S-M, Petersen, RA, Egelund, N, Dyssegaard, CB, Stark, KD, Andersen, R, Tetens, I, Astrup, A, Michaelsen, KF & Lauritzen, L 2015, 'Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children: secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 114, no. 10, pp. 1623-1637. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515003323

APA

Sørensen, L. B., Damsgaard, C. T., Dalskov, S-M., Petersen, R. A., Egelund, N., Dyssegaard, C. B., ... Lauritzen, L. (2015). Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children: secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study. British Journal of Nutrition, 114(10), 1623-1637. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515003323

Vancouver

Sørensen LB, Damsgaard CT, Dalskov S-M, Petersen RA, Egelund N, Dyssegaard CB et al. Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children: secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study. British Journal of Nutrition. 2015;114(10):1623-1637. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515003323

Author

Sørensen, Louise Bergmann ; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab ; Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde ; Petersen, Rikke Agnete ; Egelund, Niels ; Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup ; Stark, Ken D ; Andersen, Rikke ; Tetens, Inge ; Astrup, Arne ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Lauritzen, Lotte. / Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children : secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study. In: British Journal of Nutrition. 2015 ; Vol. 114, No. 10. pp. 1623-1637.

Bibtex

@article{08259325f4ab451d881929be151fa30a,
title = "Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children: secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study",
abstract = "Fe and n-3 long-chain PUFA (n-3 LCPUFA) have both been associated with cognition, but evidence remains inconclusive in well-nourished school-aged children. In the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet (OPUS) School Meal Study, the 3-month intervention increased reading performance, inattention, impulsivity and dietary intake of fish and Fe. This study investigated whether the intervention influenced n-3 LCPUFA and Fe status and, if so, explored how these changes correlated with the changes in cognitive performance. The study was a cluster-randomised cross-over trial comparing school meals with packed lunch (control). At baseline and after each treatment, we measured serum ferritin, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and Hb, and performance in reading, mathematics and d2-test of attention. Data were analysed using mixed models (n 726) and principal component analysis of test performances (n 644), which showed two main patterns: 'school performance' and 'reading comprehension'. The latter indicated that children with good reading comprehension were also more inattentive and impulsive (i.e. higher d2-test error{\%}). The intervention improved 'school performance' (P=0·015), 'reading comprehension' (P=0·043) and EPA+DHA status 0·21 (95 {\%} CI 0·15, 0·27) w/w {\%} (P<0·001), but it did not affect serum ferritin or Hb. At baseline, having small Fe stores was associated with poorer 'school performance' in girls, but with better 'reading comprehension' in both boys and girls. Both baseline EPA+DHA status and the intervention-induced increase in EPA+DHA status was positively associated with 'school performance', suggesting that n-3 LCPUFA could potentially explain approximately 20 {\%} of the intervention effect. These exploratory associations indicate that increased fish intake might explain some of the increase in reading performance and inattention in the study.",
author = "S{\o}rensen, {Louise Bergmann} and Damsgaard, {Camilla Trab} and Stine-Mathilde Dalskov and Petersen, {Rikke Agnete} and Niels Egelund and Dyssegaard, {Camilla Br{\o}rup} and Stark, {Ken D} and Rikke Andersen and Inge Tetens and Arne Astrup and Michaelsen, {Kim F.} and Lotte Lauritzen",
note = "CURIS 2015 NEXS 340",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114515003323",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "1623--1637",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diet-induced changes in iron and n-3 fatty acid status and associations with cognitive performance in 8-11-year-old Danish children

T2 - secondary analyses of the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet School Meal Study

AU - Sørensen, Louise Bergmann

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla Trab

AU - Dalskov, Stine-Mathilde

AU - Petersen, Rikke Agnete

AU - Egelund, Niels

AU - Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup

AU - Stark, Ken D

AU - Andersen, Rikke

AU - Tetens, Inge

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

AU - Lauritzen, Lotte

N1 - CURIS 2015 NEXS 340

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Fe and n-3 long-chain PUFA (n-3 LCPUFA) have both been associated with cognition, but evidence remains inconclusive in well-nourished school-aged children. In the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet (OPUS) School Meal Study, the 3-month intervention increased reading performance, inattention, impulsivity and dietary intake of fish and Fe. This study investigated whether the intervention influenced n-3 LCPUFA and Fe status and, if so, explored how these changes correlated with the changes in cognitive performance. The study was a cluster-randomised cross-over trial comparing school meals with packed lunch (control). At baseline and after each treatment, we measured serum ferritin, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and Hb, and performance in reading, mathematics and d2-test of attention. Data were analysed using mixed models (n 726) and principal component analysis of test performances (n 644), which showed two main patterns: 'school performance' and 'reading comprehension'. The latter indicated that children with good reading comprehension were also more inattentive and impulsive (i.e. higher d2-test error%). The intervention improved 'school performance' (P=0·015), 'reading comprehension' (P=0·043) and EPA+DHA status 0·21 (95 % CI 0·15, 0·27) w/w % (P<0·001), but it did not affect serum ferritin or Hb. At baseline, having small Fe stores was associated with poorer 'school performance' in girls, but with better 'reading comprehension' in both boys and girls. Both baseline EPA+DHA status and the intervention-induced increase in EPA+DHA status was positively associated with 'school performance', suggesting that n-3 LCPUFA could potentially explain approximately 20 % of the intervention effect. These exploratory associations indicate that increased fish intake might explain some of the increase in reading performance and inattention in the study.

AB - Fe and n-3 long-chain PUFA (n-3 LCPUFA) have both been associated with cognition, but evidence remains inconclusive in well-nourished school-aged children. In the Optimal Well-Being, Development and Health for Danish Children through a Healthy New Nordic Diet (OPUS) School Meal Study, the 3-month intervention increased reading performance, inattention, impulsivity and dietary intake of fish and Fe. This study investigated whether the intervention influenced n-3 LCPUFA and Fe status and, if so, explored how these changes correlated with the changes in cognitive performance. The study was a cluster-randomised cross-over trial comparing school meals with packed lunch (control). At baseline and after each treatment, we measured serum ferritin, whole-blood n-3 LCPUFA and Hb, and performance in reading, mathematics and d2-test of attention. Data were analysed using mixed models (n 726) and principal component analysis of test performances (n 644), which showed two main patterns: 'school performance' and 'reading comprehension'. The latter indicated that children with good reading comprehension were also more inattentive and impulsive (i.e. higher d2-test error%). The intervention improved 'school performance' (P=0·015), 'reading comprehension' (P=0·043) and EPA+DHA status 0·21 (95 % CI 0·15, 0·27) w/w % (P<0·001), but it did not affect serum ferritin or Hb. At baseline, having small Fe stores was associated with poorer 'school performance' in girls, but with better 'reading comprehension' in both boys and girls. Both baseline EPA+DHA status and the intervention-induced increase in EPA+DHA status was positively associated with 'school performance', suggesting that n-3 LCPUFA could potentially explain approximately 20 % of the intervention effect. These exploratory associations indicate that increased fish intake might explain some of the increase in reading performance and inattention in the study.

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114515003323

DO - 10.1017/S0007114515003323

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26359192

VL - 114

SP - 1623

EP - 1637

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 144414013