Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet

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Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet. / Alzahrani, Ahmad Hasan A; Skytte, Mads J; Samkani, Amirsalar; Thomsen, Mads Norvin; Astrup, Arne; Ritz, Christian; Chabanova, Elizaveta; Frystyk, Jan; Holst, Jens Juul; Thomsen, Henrik S.; Madsbad, Sten; Haugaard, Steen Bendix; Krarup, Thure; Larsen, Thomas Meinert; Magkos, Faidon.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, 08.06.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Alzahrani, AHA, Skytte, MJ, Samkani, A, Thomsen, MN, Astrup, A, Ritz, C, Chabanova, E, Frystyk, J, Holst, JJ, Thomsen, HS, Madsbad, S, Haugaard, SB, Krarup, T, Larsen, TM & Magkos, F 2021, 'Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet', European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-021-02605-0

APA

Alzahrani, A. H. A., Skytte, M. J., Samkani, A., Thomsen, M. N., Astrup, A., Ritz, C., Chabanova, E., Frystyk, J., Holst, J. J., Thomsen, H. S., Madsbad, S., Haugaard, S. B., Krarup, T., Larsen, T. M., & Magkos, F. (2021). Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet. European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-021-02605-0

Vancouver

Alzahrani AHA, Skytte MJ, Samkani A, Thomsen MN, Astrup A, Ritz C et al. Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet. European Journal of Nutrition. 2021 Jun 8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-021-02605-0

Author

Alzahrani, Ahmad Hasan A ; Skytte, Mads J ; Samkani, Amirsalar ; Thomsen, Mads Norvin ; Astrup, Arne ; Ritz, Christian ; Chabanova, Elizaveta ; Frystyk, Jan ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Thomsen, Henrik S. ; Madsbad, Sten ; Haugaard, Steen Bendix ; Krarup, Thure ; Larsen, Thomas Meinert ; Magkos, Faidon. / Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet. In: European Journal of Nutrition. 2021.

Bibtex

@article{a5a17e087f034296b1accf28d57c08ef,
title = "Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet",
abstract = "Purpose: We previously reported beneficial glucoregulatory effects of a fully provided carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein (CRHP) diet in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a crossover 2 × 6-week trial, in which patients maintained their body weight. Here, we investigated physiological changes during an additional 6-month period on a self-selected and self-prepared CRHP diet.Methods: Twenty-eight patients with T2DM were instructed to consume a CRHP diet (30% of energy from carbohydrate and 30% from protein) for 24 weeks, after an initial 2 × 6-week trial when all food was prepared and provided to them. Patients received dietary advice every 2 weeks. At weeks 0, 6, 12 and 36, they underwent a 3-h intravenous glucose tolerance test, a 4-h mixed meal test, and a 48-h continuous glucose monitoring. Liver, muscle, pancreas, and visceral fat contents were measured by magnetic resonance imaging.Results: During the 24-week self-selected diet period (weeks 12-36), body weight, visceral fat, liver fat, and glycated haemoglobin were maintained at the same levels achieved at the end of the fully provided diet period, and were still lower than at baseline (P < 0.05). Postprandial insulinaemia and insulin secretion were significantly greater (P < 0.05). At week 36, fasting insulin and C-peptide levels increased (P < 0.01) and daily glycaemia decreased further (P < 0.05) when compared with the end of the fully provided diet period.Conclusion: Substituting dietary carbohydrate for protein and fat has metabolic benefits in patients with T2DM. These beneficial effects are maintained or augmented over the next 6 months when patients self-select and self-prepare this diet in a dietitian-supported setting.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02764021.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Low-carbohydrate high-protein, Glucose metabolism, Glycated haemoglobin, Ectopic fat, Insulin secretion",
author = "Alzahrani, {Ahmad Hasan A} and Skytte, {Mads J} and Amirsalar Samkani and Thomsen, {Mads Norvin} and Arne Astrup and Christian Ritz and Elizaveta Chabanova and Jan Frystyk and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Thomsen, {Henrik S.} and Sten Madsbad and Haugaard, {Steen Bendix} and Thure Krarup and Larsen, {Thomas Meinert} and Faidon Magkos",
note = "CURIS 2021 NEXS 199",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
day = "8",
doi = "10.1007/s00394-021-02605-0",
language = "English",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body weight and metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes on a self-selected high-protein low-carbohydrate diet

AU - Alzahrani, Ahmad Hasan A

AU - Skytte, Mads J

AU - Samkani, Amirsalar

AU - Thomsen, Mads Norvin

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Chabanova, Elizaveta

AU - Frystyk, Jan

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Thomsen, Henrik S.

AU - Madsbad, Sten

AU - Haugaard, Steen Bendix

AU - Krarup, Thure

AU - Larsen, Thomas Meinert

AU - Magkos, Faidon

N1 - CURIS 2021 NEXS 199

PY - 2021/6/8

Y1 - 2021/6/8

N2 - Purpose: We previously reported beneficial glucoregulatory effects of a fully provided carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein (CRHP) diet in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a crossover 2 × 6-week trial, in which patients maintained their body weight. Here, we investigated physiological changes during an additional 6-month period on a self-selected and self-prepared CRHP diet.Methods: Twenty-eight patients with T2DM were instructed to consume a CRHP diet (30% of energy from carbohydrate and 30% from protein) for 24 weeks, after an initial 2 × 6-week trial when all food was prepared and provided to them. Patients received dietary advice every 2 weeks. At weeks 0, 6, 12 and 36, they underwent a 3-h intravenous glucose tolerance test, a 4-h mixed meal test, and a 48-h continuous glucose monitoring. Liver, muscle, pancreas, and visceral fat contents were measured by magnetic resonance imaging.Results: During the 24-week self-selected diet period (weeks 12-36), body weight, visceral fat, liver fat, and glycated haemoglobin were maintained at the same levels achieved at the end of the fully provided diet period, and were still lower than at baseline (P < 0.05). Postprandial insulinaemia and insulin secretion were significantly greater (P < 0.05). At week 36, fasting insulin and C-peptide levels increased (P < 0.01) and daily glycaemia decreased further (P < 0.05) when compared with the end of the fully provided diet period.Conclusion: Substituting dietary carbohydrate for protein and fat has metabolic benefits in patients with T2DM. These beneficial effects are maintained or augmented over the next 6 months when patients self-select and self-prepare this diet in a dietitian-supported setting.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02764021.

AB - Purpose: We previously reported beneficial glucoregulatory effects of a fully provided carbohydrate-reduced, high-protein (CRHP) diet in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a crossover 2 × 6-week trial, in which patients maintained their body weight. Here, we investigated physiological changes during an additional 6-month period on a self-selected and self-prepared CRHP diet.Methods: Twenty-eight patients with T2DM were instructed to consume a CRHP diet (30% of energy from carbohydrate and 30% from protein) for 24 weeks, after an initial 2 × 6-week trial when all food was prepared and provided to them. Patients received dietary advice every 2 weeks. At weeks 0, 6, 12 and 36, they underwent a 3-h intravenous glucose tolerance test, a 4-h mixed meal test, and a 48-h continuous glucose monitoring. Liver, muscle, pancreas, and visceral fat contents were measured by magnetic resonance imaging.Results: During the 24-week self-selected diet period (weeks 12-36), body weight, visceral fat, liver fat, and glycated haemoglobin were maintained at the same levels achieved at the end of the fully provided diet period, and were still lower than at baseline (P < 0.05). Postprandial insulinaemia and insulin secretion were significantly greater (P < 0.05). At week 36, fasting insulin and C-peptide levels increased (P < 0.01) and daily glycaemia decreased further (P < 0.05) when compared with the end of the fully provided diet period.Conclusion: Substituting dietary carbohydrate for protein and fat has metabolic benefits in patients with T2DM. These beneficial effects are maintained or augmented over the next 6 months when patients self-select and self-prepare this diet in a dietitian-supported setting.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02764021.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Low-carbohydrate high-protein

KW - Glucose metabolism

KW - Glycated haemoglobin

KW - Ectopic fat

KW - Insulin secretion

U2 - 10.1007/s00394-021-02605-0

DO - 10.1007/s00394-021-02605-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34101004

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

ER -

ID: 271692626