Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids

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Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids. / Gürdeniz, Gözde; Uusitupa, Matti; Hermansen, Kjeld; Savolainen, Markku J; Schwab, Ursula; Kolehmainen, Marjukka; Brader, Lea Johanne; Cloetens, Lieselotte; Herzig, Karl-Heinz; Hukkanen, Janne; Rosqvist, Fredrik; Ulven, Stine Marie; Gunnarsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Thorsdottir, Inga; Orešič, Matej; Poutanen, Kaisa S; Risérus, Ulf; Åkesson, Björn; Dragsted, Lars Ove.

In: Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2022, p. 441-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gürdeniz, G, Uusitupa, M, Hermansen, K, Savolainen, MJ, Schwab, U, Kolehmainen, M, Brader, LJ, Cloetens, L, Herzig, K-H, Hukkanen, J, Rosqvist, F, Ulven, SM, Gunnarsdóttir, I, Thorsdottir, I, Orešič, M, Poutanen, KS, Risérus, U, Åkesson, B & Dragsted, LO 2022, 'Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids', Clinical Nutrition, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 441-451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.12.031

APA

Gürdeniz, G., Uusitupa, M., Hermansen, K., Savolainen, M. J., Schwab, U., Kolehmainen, M., Brader, L. J., Cloetens, L., Herzig, K-H., Hukkanen, J., Rosqvist, F., Ulven, S. M., Gunnarsdóttir, I., Thorsdottir, I., Orešič, M., Poutanen, K. S., Risérus, U., Åkesson, B., & Dragsted, L. O. (2022). Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids. Clinical Nutrition, 41(2), 441-451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.12.031

Vancouver

Gürdeniz G, Uusitupa M, Hermansen K, Savolainen MJ, Schwab U, Kolehmainen M et al. Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids. Clinical Nutrition. 2022;41(2):441-451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.12.031

Author

Gürdeniz, Gözde ; Uusitupa, Matti ; Hermansen, Kjeld ; Savolainen, Markku J ; Schwab, Ursula ; Kolehmainen, Marjukka ; Brader, Lea Johanne ; Cloetens, Lieselotte ; Herzig, Karl-Heinz ; Hukkanen, Janne ; Rosqvist, Fredrik ; Ulven, Stine Marie ; Gunnarsdóttir, Ingibjörg ; Thorsdottir, Inga ; Orešič, Matej ; Poutanen, Kaisa S ; Risérus, Ulf ; Åkesson, Björn ; Dragsted, Lars Ove. / Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids. In: Clinical Nutrition. 2022 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 441-451.

Bibtex

@article{00622e60ace644febe38cebda5123ed7,
title = "Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids",
abstract = "Background & aims: Intake assessment in multicenter trials is challenging, yet important for accurate outcome evaluation. The present study aimed to characterize a multicenter randomized controlled trial with a healthy Nordic diet (HND) compared to a Control diet (CD) by plasma and urine metabolic profilesand to associate them with cardiometabolic markers. Methods: During 18e24 weeks of intervention, 200 participants with metabolic syndrome were advised at six centres to eat either HND (e.g. whole-grain products, berries, rapeseed oil, fish and low-fat dairy) or CD while being weight stable. Of these 166/159 completers delivered blood/urine samples. Metabolicprofiles of fasting plasma and 24 h pooled urine were analysed to identify characteristic diet-related patterns. Principal components analysis (PCA) scores (i.e. PC1 and PC2 scores) were used to test their combined effect on blood glucose response (primary endpoint), serum lipoproteins, triglycerides, andinflammatory markers.Results: The profiles distinguished HND and CD with AUC of 0.96 ± 0.03 and 0.93 ± 0.02 for plasma and urine, respectively, with limited heterogeneity between centers, reflecting markers of key foods. Markers of fish, whole grain and polyunsaturated lipids characterized HND, while CD was reflected by lipidscontaining palmitoleic acid. The PC1 scores of plasma metabolites characterizing the intervention is associated with HDL (β = 0.05; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.08; P = 0.001) and triglycerides (β = 0.06; 95% CI: -0.09, -0.03; P < 0.001). PC2 scores were related with glucose metabolism (2 h Glucose, β = 0.1; 95% CI: 0.05, 0.15; P < 0.001), LDL (β = 0.06; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.1; P = 0.02) and triglycerides (β 0.11; 95% CI: 0.06, 0.15; P < 0.001). For urine, the scores were related with LDL cholesterol. Conclusions: Plasma and urine metabolite profiles from SYSDIET reflected good compliance with dietary recommendations across the region. The scores of metabolites characterizing the diets associated with outcomes related with cardio-metabolic risk. Our analysis therefore offers a novel way to approach a per protocol analysis with a balanced compliance assessment in larger multicentre dietary trials.The study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov with NCT00992641.",
keywords = "Det Natur- og Biovidenskabelige Fakultet, LC-MS metabolomics, Healthy Nordic diet, Randomized controlled trial, Glucose and lipid metabolism, Plasma metabolite scores",
author = "G{\"o}zde G{\"u}rdeniz and Matti Uusitupa and Kjeld Hermansen and Savolainen, {Markku J} and Ursula Schwab and Marjukka Kolehmainen and Brader, {Lea Johanne} and Lieselotte Cloetens and Karl-Heinz Herzig and Janne Hukkanen and Fredrik Rosqvist and Ulven, {Stine Marie} and Ingibj{\"o}rg Gunnarsd{\'o}ttir and Inga Thorsdottir and Matej Ore{\v s}i{\v c} and Poutanen, {Kaisa S} and Ulf Ris{\'e}rus and Bj{\"o}rn {\AA}kesson and Dragsted, {Lars Ove}",
note = "CURIS 2022 NEXS 020",
year = "2022",
doi = "10.1016/j.clnu.2021.12.031",
language = "Dansk",
volume = "41",
pages = "441--451",
journal = "Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0261-5614",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of the SYSDIET Healthy Nordic Diet randomized trial based on metabolic profiling reveal beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and blood lipids

AU - Gürdeniz, Gözde

AU - Uusitupa, Matti

AU - Hermansen, Kjeld

AU - Savolainen, Markku J

AU - Schwab, Ursula

AU - Kolehmainen, Marjukka

AU - Brader, Lea Johanne

AU - Cloetens, Lieselotte

AU - Herzig, Karl-Heinz

AU - Hukkanen, Janne

AU - Rosqvist, Fredrik

AU - Ulven, Stine Marie

AU - Gunnarsdóttir, Ingibjörg

AU - Thorsdottir, Inga

AU - Orešič, Matej

AU - Poutanen, Kaisa S

AU - Risérus, Ulf

AU - Åkesson, Björn

AU - Dragsted, Lars Ove

N1 - CURIS 2022 NEXS 020

PY - 2022

Y1 - 2022

N2 - Background & aims: Intake assessment in multicenter trials is challenging, yet important for accurate outcome evaluation. The present study aimed to characterize a multicenter randomized controlled trial with a healthy Nordic diet (HND) compared to a Control diet (CD) by plasma and urine metabolic profilesand to associate them with cardiometabolic markers. Methods: During 18e24 weeks of intervention, 200 participants with metabolic syndrome were advised at six centres to eat either HND (e.g. whole-grain products, berries, rapeseed oil, fish and low-fat dairy) or CD while being weight stable. Of these 166/159 completers delivered blood/urine samples. Metabolicprofiles of fasting plasma and 24 h pooled urine were analysed to identify characteristic diet-related patterns. Principal components analysis (PCA) scores (i.e. PC1 and PC2 scores) were used to test their combined effect on blood glucose response (primary endpoint), serum lipoproteins, triglycerides, andinflammatory markers.Results: The profiles distinguished HND and CD with AUC of 0.96 ± 0.03 and 0.93 ± 0.02 for plasma and urine, respectively, with limited heterogeneity between centers, reflecting markers of key foods. Markers of fish, whole grain and polyunsaturated lipids characterized HND, while CD was reflected by lipidscontaining palmitoleic acid. The PC1 scores of plasma metabolites characterizing the intervention is associated with HDL (β = 0.05; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.08; P = 0.001) and triglycerides (β = 0.06; 95% CI: -0.09, -0.03; P < 0.001). PC2 scores were related with glucose metabolism (2 h Glucose, β = 0.1; 95% CI: 0.05, 0.15; P < 0.001), LDL (β = 0.06; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.1; P = 0.02) and triglycerides (β 0.11; 95% CI: 0.06, 0.15; P < 0.001). For urine, the scores were related with LDL cholesterol. Conclusions: Plasma and urine metabolite profiles from SYSDIET reflected good compliance with dietary recommendations across the region. The scores of metabolites characterizing the diets associated with outcomes related with cardio-metabolic risk. Our analysis therefore offers a novel way to approach a per protocol analysis with a balanced compliance assessment in larger multicentre dietary trials.The study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov with NCT00992641.

AB - Background & aims: Intake assessment in multicenter trials is challenging, yet important for accurate outcome evaluation. The present study aimed to characterize a multicenter randomized controlled trial with a healthy Nordic diet (HND) compared to a Control diet (CD) by plasma and urine metabolic profilesand to associate them with cardiometabolic markers. Methods: During 18e24 weeks of intervention, 200 participants with metabolic syndrome were advised at six centres to eat either HND (e.g. whole-grain products, berries, rapeseed oil, fish and low-fat dairy) or CD while being weight stable. Of these 166/159 completers delivered blood/urine samples. Metabolicprofiles of fasting plasma and 24 h pooled urine were analysed to identify characteristic diet-related patterns. Principal components analysis (PCA) scores (i.e. PC1 and PC2 scores) were used to test their combined effect on blood glucose response (primary endpoint), serum lipoproteins, triglycerides, andinflammatory markers.Results: The profiles distinguished HND and CD with AUC of 0.96 ± 0.03 and 0.93 ± 0.02 for plasma and urine, respectively, with limited heterogeneity between centers, reflecting markers of key foods. Markers of fish, whole grain and polyunsaturated lipids characterized HND, while CD was reflected by lipidscontaining palmitoleic acid. The PC1 scores of plasma metabolites characterizing the intervention is associated with HDL (β = 0.05; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.08; P = 0.001) and triglycerides (β = 0.06; 95% CI: -0.09, -0.03; P < 0.001). PC2 scores were related with glucose metabolism (2 h Glucose, β = 0.1; 95% CI: 0.05, 0.15; P < 0.001), LDL (β = 0.06; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.1; P = 0.02) and triglycerides (β 0.11; 95% CI: 0.06, 0.15; P < 0.001). For urine, the scores were related with LDL cholesterol. Conclusions: Plasma and urine metabolite profiles from SYSDIET reflected good compliance with dietary recommendations across the region. The scores of metabolites characterizing the diets associated with outcomes related with cardio-metabolic risk. Our analysis therefore offers a novel way to approach a per protocol analysis with a balanced compliance assessment in larger multicentre dietary trials.The study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov with NCT00992641.

KW - Det Natur- og Biovidenskabelige Fakultet

KW - LC-MS metabolomics

KW - Healthy Nordic diet

KW - Randomized controlled trial

KW - Glucose and lipid metabolism

KW - Plasma metabolite scores

U2 - 10.1016/j.clnu.2021.12.031

DO - 10.1016/j.clnu.2021.12.031

M3 - Tidsskriftartikel

C2 - 35007813

VL - 41

SP - 441

EP - 451

JO - Clinical Nutrition

JF - Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0261-5614

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 289168317