Arne Astrup

Arne Astrup

Professor


  1. Published

    Weight loss maintenance in overweight subjects on ad libitum diets with high or low protein content and glycemic index: the DIOGENES trial 12-months results

    Aller, E. E. J. G., Larsen, T. M., Holst, C., Karin Lindroos, A., Kafatos, A., Pfeiffer, A., Martinez, J. A., Handjieva-Darlenska, T., Kunesova, M., Stender, Steen, Saris, W. H. M., Astrup, Arne & van Baak, M. A., 2014, In : International Journal of Obesity. 38, 12, p. 1511-1517 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Published

    Untargeted metabolomics as a screening tool for estimating compliance to a dietary pattern

    Andersen, M. S., Rinnan, Åsmund, Manach, C., Poulsen, S. K., Pujos-Guillot, E., Larsen, T. M., Astrup, Arne & Dragsted, Lars Ove, 2014, In : Journal of Proteome Research. 13, 3, p. 1405-1418 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Published

    Discovery and validation of urinary exposure markers for different plant foods by untargeted metabolomics

    Andersen, M. S., Kristensen, M., Manach, C., Pujos-Guillot, E., Poulsen, S. K., Larsen, T. M., Astrup, Arne & Dragsted, Lars Ove, 2014, In : Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 406, 7, p. 1829-1844 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Published

    Dietary effects of introducing school meals based on the New Nordic Diet - a randomised controlled trial in Danish children: The OPUS School Meal Study

    Andersen, R., Biltoft-Jensen, A., Christensen, T., Andersen, E. W., Ege, M., Thorsen, A. V., Dalskov, S., Damsgaard, Camilla Trab, Astrup, Arne, Michaelsen, Kim F. & Tetens, Inge , 2014, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 111, 11, p. 1967-1976 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  5. Published

    Interactions of dietary protein and adiposity measures in relation to subsequent changes in body weight and waist circumference

    Ankarfeldt, M. Z., Ängquist, Lars, Jakobsen, M. U., Overvad, K., Tjønneland, A., Halkjær, J., Astrup, Arne & Sørensen, Thorkild I.A., 2014, In : Obesity. 22, 9, p. 2097-2103 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  6. Published

    Interaction between genetic predisposition to adiposity and dietary protein in relation to subsequent change in body weight and waist circumference

    Ankarfeldt, M. Z., Larsen, S. C., Ängquist, Lars, Husemoen, L. L. N., Roswall, N., Overvad, K., Jakobsen, M. U., Halkjær, J., Tjønneland, A., Linneberg, Allan René, Toft, Ulla Marie Nørgaard, Hansen, Torben, Pedersen, Oluf Borbye, Heitmann, Berit, Astrup, Arne & Sørensen, Thorkild I.A., 2014, In : P L o S One. 9, 10, 10 p., e110890.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  7. Published

    Body Characteristics, Dietary Protein and Body Weight Regulation: Reconciling Conflicting Results from Intervention and Observational Studies?

    Ankarfeldt, M. Z., Ängquist, Lars, Stocks, T., Jakobsen, M. U., Overvad, K., Halkjær, J., Saris, W. H. M., Astrup, Arne & Sørensen, Thorkild I.A., 2014, In : P L o S One. 9, 7, p. 1-8 8 p., e101134.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  8. Published

    Medforfatterskab forpligter

    Astrup, Arne, 28 Mar 2014, In : Weekendavisen. p. 12 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateCommunication

  9. Published

    Efficacy of higher protein diets for long-term weight control. How to assess quality of randomized controlled trials?

    Astrup, Arne & Geiker, Nina Rica Wium, 2014, In : Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases. 24, 3, p. 220-223 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  10. Published

    Afgiftsvåbnet skal bruges med omtanke

    Astrup, Arne, 19 Sep 2014, In : Altinget.dk. p. 1-3 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateCommunication

  11. Published

    The New Nordic Diet

    Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Health Naturally Magazine. 20, p. 62-71 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleCommunication

  12. Published

    Totality of evidence needed for nutrition recommendations

    Astrup, Arne & Brand-Miller, J., 2014, In : Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 10, 5, p. 310 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  13. Published

    Obesity: Have new guidelines overlooked the role of diet composition?

    Astrup, Arne & Brand-Miller, J., 2014, In : Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 10, 3, p. 132-133 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  14. Published

    OPUS: Optimal Trivsel, Udvikling og Sundhed for Børn Gennem en Sund Ny Nordisk Mad: 2009-2014

    Astrup, Arne (ed.), 2014, Københavns Universitet. 154 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBookCommunication

  15. Published

    Fedtstoffernes betydning for forebyggelse af hjerte-kar-sygdom i Danmark

    Astrup, Arne, Larsen, M. L., Stender, Steen & Dyerberg, J., 2014, In : Ugeskrift for Laeger. 176, p. 2-6 5 p., V12130740.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  16. Published

    Seniorforfattere

    Astrup, Arne, 7 Mar 2014, In : Weekendavisen. p. 12-13 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateCommunication

  17. Published

    Forord

    Astrup, Arne, 2014, Familiens low carb favoritter. Forlaget mellemgaard, p. 8 1 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPreface/postscriptCommunication

  18. Published

    Kan afgifter forbedre madvaner og sundhed?

    Astrup, Arne, 24 Sep 2014, In : Folkeskolen.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateCommunication

  19. Published

    Yogurt and dairy product consumption to prevent cardiometabolic diseases: epidemiologic and experimental studies

    Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 99, 5 (Suppl.), p. 1235S-1242S 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  20. Published

    Børns usunde madvaner hænger sammen med dårlig søvn

    Astrup, Arne, 5 May 2014, In : Folkeskolen. p. 1-2 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleCommunication

  21. Published

    Confusing message about dairy from Sweden: Response to: Milk intake and risk of mortality and fractures in women and men: cohort studies / Michaëlsson et al. BMJ 2014; 349:g6015.

    Astrup, Arne & Givens, I., 27 Nov 2014, In : B M J. 349, p. 1-5 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  22. Published

    A changing view on saturated fatty acids and dairy: from enemy to friend

    Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 100, 6, p. 1407-1408 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialResearch

  23. Published

    Effects of hydrolysed casein, intact casein and intact whey protein on energy expenditure and appetite regulation: a randomised, controlled, cross-over study

    Bendtsen, L. Q., Lorenzen, J. K., Gomes, S., Liaset, B., Holst, Jens Juul, Ritz, Christian, Reitelseder, S., Sjödin, Anders Mikael & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 112, 8, p. 1412-1422 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  24. Published

    Associations between dairy protein intake and body weight and risk markers of diabetes and CVD during weight maintenance

    Bendtsen, L. Q., Lorenzen, J. K., Larsen, T. M., van Baak, M., Papadaki, A., Martinez, J. A., Handjieva-Darlenska, T., Jebb, S. A., Kunešová, M., Pfeiffer, A. F. H., Saris, W. H. M., Astrup, Arne & Raben, Anne, 2014, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 111, 5, p. 944-953 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  25. Published

    Lactobacillus paracasei subsp paracasei L. casei W8 suppresses energy intake acutely

    Bjerg, A. T., Kristensen, M. B., Ritz, Christian, Holst, Jens Juul, Rasmussen, C., Leser, T. D., Wellejus, A. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Appetite. 82, p. 111-118 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  26. Published

    Postprandial coagulation activation in overweight individuals after weight loss: Acute and long-term effects of a high-monounsaturated fat diet and a low-fat diet

    Bladbjerg, E., Larsen, T. M., Due, A. P., Jespersen, J., Stender, Steen & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Thrombosis Research. 133, 3, p. 327-333 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  27. Published

    Dietary intervention modulates the gut microbiota and improves insulin resistance - a randomized controlled trial in obese postmenopausal women

    Brahe, L. K., Le Chatelier, E., Prifti, E., Kennedy, S., Blædel, T., Håkansson, J., Pedersen, Oluf Borbye, Astrup, Arne, Ehrlich, S. & Larsen, L. H., 2014, In : Obesity Reviews. 15, Suppl. 2, p. 41-42 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

  28. Published

    World's Best Diet

    Brand-Miller, J., Bitz, C., Astrup, Arne & Roberts, S. B., 2014, Melbourne: Penguin. 249 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBookCommunication

  29. Published

    Effects of dietary protein and glycaemic index on biomarkers of bone turnover in children

    Dalskov, S., Müller, M., Ritz, Christian, Damsgaard, Camilla Trab, Papadaki, A., Saris, W. H. M., Astrup, Arne, Michaelsen, Kim F., Mølgaard, Christian & on behalf of DiOGenes, O. B. O. D., 2014, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 111, 7, p. 1253-1262 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  30. Published

    Provision of healthy school meals does not affect the metabolic syndrome score in 8-11-year-old children, but reduces cardiometabolic risk markers despite increasing waist circumference

    Damsgaard, Camilla Trab, Dalskov, S., Laursen, R. P., Ritz, Christian, Hjorth, Mads Fiil, Lauritzen, Lotte, Sørensen, L. B., Petersen, R. A., Andersen, M. R., Stender, Steen, Andersen, R., Tetens, Inge , Mølgaard, Christian, Astrup, Arne & Michaelsen, Kim F., 2014, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 112, 11, p. 1826-1836 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  31. Published

    Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in whole blood are differentially and sex-specifically associated with cardiometabolic risk markers in 8-11-year-old Danish children

    Damsgaard, Camilla Trab, Eidner, M. B., Stark, K. D., Hjorth, Mads Fiil, Sjödin, Anders Mikael, Andersen, M. R., Andersen, R., Tetens, Inge , Astrup, Arne, Michaelsen, Kim F. & Lauritzen, Lotte, 2014, In : P L o S One. 9, 10, 9 p., e109368.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  32. Published

    ERRATUM: Higher protein diets consumed ad libitum improve cardiovascular risk markers in children of overweight parents from eight European countries (vol. 143: 810-817, 2013)

    Damsgaard, Camilla Trab, Papadaki, A., Jensen, Signe Marie, Ritz, Christian, Dalskov, S., Hlavaty, P., Saris, W. H. M., Martinez, J. A., Handjieva-Darlenska, T., Andersen, M. R., Stender, Steen, Larsen, T. M., Astrup, Arne, Mølgaard, Christian & Michaelsen, Kim F., Dec 2014, In : Journal of Nutrition. 144, 12, p. 2094 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  33. Published

    The effectiveness of breakfast recommendations on weight loss: a randomized controlled trial

    Dhurandhar, E. J., Dawson, J., Alcorn, A., Larsen, L. H., Thomas, E. A., Cardel, M., Bourland, A. C., Astrup, Arne, St-Onge, M., Hill, J. O., Apovian, C. M., Shikany, J. M. & Allison, D. B., 2014, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 100, 2, p. 507-513 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  34. Published

    Intentional weight loss improved performance in obese ischaemic heart patients: A two centre intervention trial

    Geiker, Nina Rica Wium, Myint, K. S., Heck, P., Dhatariya, K., Larsen, S. M. H., Andersen, M. R., Stender, Steen, Torp-Pedersen, C., Finer, N. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Jacobs Journal of Food and Nutrition. 1, 1, 9 p., 003.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  35. Published

    High fat, low carbohydrate diet limit fear and aggression in Göttingen minipigs

    Haagensen, A. M. J., Sørensen, Dorte Bratbo, Sandøe, Peter, Matthews, L. R., Birck, M. M., Fels, J. J. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : P L o S One. 9, 4, 11 p., e93821.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  36. Published
  37. Published

    Change in sleep duration and proposed dietary risk factors for obesity in Danish school children

    Hjorth, Mads Fiil, Quist, Jonas Salling, Andersen, R., Michaelsen, Kim F., Tetens, Inge , Astrup, Arne, Chaput, J. & Sjödin, Anders Mikael, 2014, In : Pediatric Obesity. 9, 6, p. e156-e159 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  38. Published

    Fatness predicts decreased physical activity and increased sedentary time, but not vice versa: support from a longitudinal study in 8-11 year old children

    Hjorth, Mads Fiil, Chaput, J., Ritz, Christian, Dalskov, S., Andersen, R., Astrup, Arne, Tetens, Inge , Michaelsen, Kim F. & Sjödin, Anders Mikael, 2014, In : International Journal of Obesity. 38, 7, p. 959-965 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  39. Published

    Glycaemic index: did Health Canada get it wrong? Position from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC)

    Jenkins, D. J. A., Willett, W. C., Astrup, Arne, Augustin, L. S. A., Baer-Sinnott, S., Barclay, A. W., Björck, I., Brand-Miller, J. C., Brighenti, F., Buyken, A. E., Ceriello, A., Kendall, C. W. C., La Vecchia, C., Livesey, G., Liu, S., Poli, A., Riccardi, G., Rizkalla, S. W., Sievenpiper, J. L., Trichopoulou, A., Wolever, T. M. S. & International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium, I. C. Q. C., 2014, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 111, 2, p. 380-382 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  40. Published

    Effect of weight loss on the cardiovascular risk profile of obese patients with psoriasis

    Jensen, P., Zachariae, Claus, Christensen, R., Geiker, Nina Rica Wium, Schaadt, B. K., Stender, Steen, Astrup, Arne, Hansen, Peter Riis & Skov, Lone, 2014, In : Acta Dermatovenereologica. 94, 6, p. 691-694 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  41. Published

    Cardiovascular effects of phentermine and topiramate: a new drug combination for the treatment of obesity

    Jordan, J., Astrup, Arne, Engeli, S., Narkiewicz, K., Day, W. W. & Finer, N., 2014, In : Journal of Hypertension. 32, 6, p. 1178-1188 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  42. Published

    Comparison of results from different imputation techniques for missing data from an anti-obesity drug trial

    Jørgensen, A. W., Lundstrøm, Lars Hyldborg, Wetterslev, J., Astrup, Arne & Gøtzsche, P. C., 2014, In : P L o S One. 9, 11, 7 p., e111964.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  43. Published

    Short sleep duration and large variability in sleep duration are independently associated with dietary risk factors for obesity in Danish school children

    Quist, Jonas Salling, Hjorth, Mads Fiil, Andersen, R., Michaelsen, Kim F., Tetens, Inge , Astrup, Arne, Chaput, J. & Sjödin, Anders Mikael, 2014, In : International Journal of Obesity. 38, 1, p. 32-39 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  44. Published

    The contrived association of dietary protein with mortality

    Layman, D. K., Astrup, Arne, Clifton, P. M., Leidy, H. J., Paddon-Jones, D. & Phillips, S. M., 2 Apr 2014, In : Cell Metabolism. 19, 3

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  45. Published

    Tolerability of nausea and vomiting and associations with weight loss in a randomized trial of liraglutide in obese, non-diabetic adults

    Lean, M. E. J., Carraro, R., Finer, N., Hartvig, H., Lindegaard, M. L., Rössner, S., Van Gaal, L. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : International Journal of Obesity. 38, 5, p. 689-697 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  46. Published

    Milk minerals modify the effect of fat intake on serum lipid profile: results from an animal and a human short-term study

    Lorenzen, J. K., Jensen, S. K. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 111, 8, p. 1412-1420 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  47. Published

    Personalized weight loss strategies - the role of macronutrient distribution

    Martinez, J. A., Navas-Carretero, S., Saris, W. H. M. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 10, 12, p. 749-760 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  48. Published

    Impact of weight loss and maintenance with ad libitum diets varying in protein and glycemic index content on metabolic syndrome

    Papadaki, A., Linardakis, M., Plada, M., Larsen, T. M., Damsgaard, Camilla Trab, van Baak, M. A., Jebb, S., Pfeiffer, A. F. H., Martinez, J. A., Handjieva-Darlenska, T., Kunešová, M., Holst, C., Saris, W. H. M., Astrup, Arne & Kafatos, A., 2014, In : Nutrition. 30, 4, p. 410-417 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  49. Published

    The role of protein and carbohydrates for long-term weight control: Lessons from the Diogenes trial

    Perez-Cornago, A., van Baak, M. A., Saris, W. H. M., Martínez, J. A. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Current Nutrition Reports. 3, 4, p. 379-386 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  50. Published

    Sundhedseffekterne af Ny Nordisk Hverdagsmad

    Poulsen, S. K., Larsen, T. M. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Diætisten. 22, 128, p. 8-10 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleCommunication

  51. Published

    Health effect of the New Nordic Diet in adults with increased waist circumference: a 6-mo randomized controlled trial

    Poulsen, S. K., Due, A., Jordy, A. B., Kiens, Bente, Stark, K. D., Stender, Steen, Holst, C., Astrup, Arne & Larsen, T. M., 2014, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 99, 1, p. 35-45 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  52. Published

    Study protocol: Differential effects of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on maternal and fetal outcomes - individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis and health economic evaluation

    Ruifrok, A. E., Rogozinska, E., van Poppel, M. N. M., Rayanagoudar, G., Kerry, S., de Groot, C. J. M., Yeo, S., Molyneaux, E., McAuliffe, F. M., Poston, L., Roberts, T., Riley, R. D., Coomarasamy, A., Khan, K., Mol, B. W., Thangaratinam, S., i-WIP (International Weight Management in Pregnancy) Collaborative Group, I. (. W. M. I. P. C. G. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, In : Systematic Reviews. 3, 13 p., 131.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  53. Published

    Canine and feline obesity: a One Health perspective

    Sandøe, Peter, Palmer, C., Corr, S., Astrup, Arne & Bjørnvad, Charlotte Reinhard, 2014, In : Veterinary Record. 175, 24, p. 610-616 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  54. Published

    Effects of PYY3-36 and GLP-1 on energy intake, energy expenditure and appetite in overweight men

    Schmidt, J. B., Gregersen, N. T., Pedersen, S. D., Arentoft, J. L., Ritz, Christian, Schwartz, Thue W., Holst, Jens Juul, Astrup, Arne & Sjödin, Anders Mikael, 2014, In : American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. 306, 11, p. E1248-E1256 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  55. Published

    Early weight loss while on lorcaserin, diet, and exercise as a predictor of week 52 weight-loss outcomes

    Smith, S. R., O'Neil, P. M., Astrup, Arne, Finer, N., Sanchez-Kam, M., Fraher, K., Fain, R. & Shanahan, W. R., 2014, In : Obesity. 22, 10, p. 2137-2146 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  56. Published

    Erratum for: Early weight loss while on Lorcaserin, diet, and exercise as a predictor of week 52 weight-loss outcomes (vol. 22: 2137-2146, 2014)

    Smith, S. R., O'Neil, P. M., Astrup, Arne, Finer, N., Sanchez-Kam, M., Fraher, K., Fain, R. & Shanahan, W. R., Dec 2014, In : Obesity. 22, 12, p. 2641 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearch

  57. Published

    Tracing artificial trans fat in popular foods in Europe: a market basket investigation

    Stender, Steen, Astrup, Arne & Dyerberg, J., 2014, In : B M J Open. 4, 5, 8 p., e005218.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  58. Published

    Effect of dairy calcium from cheese and milk on fecal fat excretion, blood lipids, and appetite in young men

    Sørensen, K. V., Thorning, T. K., Astrup, Arne, Kristensen, M. B. & Lorenzen, J. K., 2014, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 99, 5, p. 984-991 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  59. Published

    Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: a clinical intervention study of effects on energy intake, appetite, and energy expenditure after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjects

    Sørensen, Lone Brinkmann, Vasilaras, T. H., Astrup, Arne & Raben, Anne, 2014, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 100, 1, p. 36-45 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  60. Published

    Glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists and weight regulation

    Vrang, N. & Astrup, Arne, 2014, Handbook of Obesity: Clinical Applications. Bray, G. A. & Bouchard, C. (eds.). 4 ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Vol. 2. p. 281-287 7 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

ID: 927856