PhD defence: The osteogenic stimulus of exercise

Rizky Suganda Prawiradilaga is defending his PhD thesis

The osteogenic stimulus of exercise

Bone health and osteoporosis risk assessment in women

PhD illustrationTime

9 December 2020, 10:00

Place

Auditorium 5, HCØ, Universitetsparken 5, 2100 Copenhagen and Digital

Digital: To attend the PhD defence, follow the link and hereafter the instructions to download the required Zoom-client.

Meeting URL: https://ucph-ku.zoom.us/j/67150538975

Meeting ID: 671 5053 8975

Passcode: 279539

Opponents

Associate Professor Jesper Lundbye-Jensen (chair), Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Professor Robin Daly, Deakin University, School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences, Australia.

Professor Magni Mohr, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Denmark.

Supervisor

Associate Professor Eva Wulff Helge, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

About the thesis

Osteoporosis has become a major global concern for public health. It affects 200 million females globally and is estimated to cause over 8.9 million fractures annually. This condition is characterized by low bone mass and bone tissue damage, resulting in increased bone fragility and risk of fracture.

The aim of the present Ph.D. thesis was to investigate the osteogenic stimulus of exercise and training for women and to contribute to the development of knowledge-based training recommendations for the prevention of bone loss and related bone fractures. The acute response of biochemical bone turnover markers (BTM) to three high-impact jumps and the longitudinal response to 19-week multimodal training for postmenopausal women were investigated. In addition, the relevance of including the measurement of BMD in reliable fracture risk assessment (FRAX) for women diagnosed with early nonmetastatic breast cancer was investigated.

An important finding from the acute cross-over study was a highly significant association between the three-dimensional ground reaction forces (GRF) produced by jumping and the acute BTM response. Thus, it must be recommended to include movements in various directions (odd-impact exercise) when planning osteogenic training.

In the longitudinal training study, which was performed as a health promotional training initiative in a local community, the osteogenic effect was astonishing sparse, no matter whether the osteogenic effect was evaluated by DXA-scanning or by BTM. It is hypothesised that it may be due to the study design, which was limited by a relatively low statistical power and a suboptimal control of the individual training intensity, frequency, and volume.

The evaluation of the FRAX risk assessment instrument showed that inclusion of BMD in the calculation of the 10-year probability of hip fracture or major osteoporotic fracture for women diagnosed with early nonmetastatic breast cancer, is important to avoid overestimation of risk, which could lead to overtreatment.

Download Contents; Included articles; English Abstract; Dansk resumé; Introduction.

2020, 164 pages

The thesis is available for inspection at the library, Nørre Allé 51, DK-2200 Copenhagen N.