Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans

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Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans. / Piil, Jacob Feder; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper; Trangmar, Steven J; Nybo, Lars.

I: Temperature, Bind 4, Nr. 4, 2017, s. 420-428.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Piil, JF, Lundbye-Jensen, J, Trangmar, SJ & Nybo, L 2017, 'Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans', Temperature, bind 4, nr. 4, s. 420-428. https://doi.org/10.1080/23328940.2017.1368877

APA

Piil, J. F., Lundbye-Jensen, J., Trangmar, S. J., & Nybo, L. (2017). Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans. Temperature, 4(4), 420-428. https://doi.org/10.1080/23328940.2017.1368877

Vancouver

Piil JF, Lundbye-Jensen J, Trangmar SJ, Nybo L. Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans. Temperature. 2017;4(4):420-428. https://doi.org/10.1080/23328940.2017.1368877

Author

Piil, Jacob Feder ; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper ; Trangmar, Steven J ; Nybo, Lars. / Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans. I: Temperature. 2017 ; Bind 4, Nr. 4. s. 420-428.

Bibtex

@article{cbd094e75f314b39934211c8de8d2db9,
title = "Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans",
abstract = "Heat stress, leading to elevations in whole-body temperature, has a marked impact on both physical performance and cognition in ecological settings. Lab experiments confirm this for physically demanding activities, whereas observations are inconsistent for tasks involving cognitive processing of information or decision-making prior to responding. We hypothesized that divergences could relate to task complexity and developed a protocol consisting of 1) simple motor task [TARGET_pinch], 2) complex motor task [Visuo-motor tracking], 3) simple math task [MATH_type], 4) combined motor-math task [MATH_pinch]. Furthermore, visuo-motor tracking performance was assessed both in a separate- and a multipart protocol (complex motor tasks alternating with the three other tasks). Following familiarization, each of the 10 male subjects completed separate and multipart protocols in randomized order in the heat (40°C) or control condition (20°C) with testing at baseline (seated rest) and similar seated position, following exercise-induced hyperthermia (core temperature ∼ 39.5°C in the heat and 38.2°C in control condition). All task scores were unaffected by control exercise or passive heat exposure, but visuo-motor tracking performance was reduced by 10.7 ± 6.5{\%} following exercise-induced hyperthermia when integrated in the multipart protocol and 4.4 ± 5.7{\%} when tested separately (bothP < 0.05). TARGET_pinch precision declined by 2.6 ± 1.3{\%} (P < 0.05), while no significant changes were observed for the math tasks. These results indicate that heat per se has little impact on simple motor or cognitive test performance, but complex motor performance is impaired by hyperthermia and especially so when multiple tasks are combined.",
keywords = "Cognitive test, Core temperature, Cognition, Heat stress, Heat strain, Hyperthermia, Motor performance, Task complexity, Visuo-motor tracking",
author = "Piil, {Jacob Feder} and Jesper Lundbye-Jensen and Trangmar, {Steven J} and Lars Nybo",
note = "CURIS 2017 NEXS 375",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/23328940.2017.1368877",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "420--428",
journal = "Temperature",
issn = "2332-8940",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance in complex motor tasks deteriorates in hyperthermic humans

AU - Piil, Jacob Feder

AU - Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper

AU - Trangmar, Steven J

AU - Nybo, Lars

N1 - CURIS 2017 NEXS 375

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Heat stress, leading to elevations in whole-body temperature, has a marked impact on both physical performance and cognition in ecological settings. Lab experiments confirm this for physically demanding activities, whereas observations are inconsistent for tasks involving cognitive processing of information or decision-making prior to responding. We hypothesized that divergences could relate to task complexity and developed a protocol consisting of 1) simple motor task [TARGET_pinch], 2) complex motor task [Visuo-motor tracking], 3) simple math task [MATH_type], 4) combined motor-math task [MATH_pinch]. Furthermore, visuo-motor tracking performance was assessed both in a separate- and a multipart protocol (complex motor tasks alternating with the three other tasks). Following familiarization, each of the 10 male subjects completed separate and multipart protocols in randomized order in the heat (40°C) or control condition (20°C) with testing at baseline (seated rest) and similar seated position, following exercise-induced hyperthermia (core temperature ∼ 39.5°C in the heat and 38.2°C in control condition). All task scores were unaffected by control exercise or passive heat exposure, but visuo-motor tracking performance was reduced by 10.7 ± 6.5% following exercise-induced hyperthermia when integrated in the multipart protocol and 4.4 ± 5.7% when tested separately (bothP < 0.05). TARGET_pinch precision declined by 2.6 ± 1.3% (P < 0.05), while no significant changes were observed for the math tasks. These results indicate that heat per se has little impact on simple motor or cognitive test performance, but complex motor performance is impaired by hyperthermia and especially so when multiple tasks are combined.

AB - Heat stress, leading to elevations in whole-body temperature, has a marked impact on both physical performance and cognition in ecological settings. Lab experiments confirm this for physically demanding activities, whereas observations are inconsistent for tasks involving cognitive processing of information or decision-making prior to responding. We hypothesized that divergences could relate to task complexity and developed a protocol consisting of 1) simple motor task [TARGET_pinch], 2) complex motor task [Visuo-motor tracking], 3) simple math task [MATH_type], 4) combined motor-math task [MATH_pinch]. Furthermore, visuo-motor tracking performance was assessed both in a separate- and a multipart protocol (complex motor tasks alternating with the three other tasks). Following familiarization, each of the 10 male subjects completed separate and multipart protocols in randomized order in the heat (40°C) or control condition (20°C) with testing at baseline (seated rest) and similar seated position, following exercise-induced hyperthermia (core temperature ∼ 39.5°C in the heat and 38.2°C in control condition). All task scores were unaffected by control exercise or passive heat exposure, but visuo-motor tracking performance was reduced by 10.7 ± 6.5% following exercise-induced hyperthermia when integrated in the multipart protocol and 4.4 ± 5.7% when tested separately (bothP < 0.05). TARGET_pinch precision declined by 2.6 ± 1.3% (P < 0.05), while no significant changes were observed for the math tasks. These results indicate that heat per se has little impact on simple motor or cognitive test performance, but complex motor performance is impaired by hyperthermia and especially so when multiple tasks are combined.

KW - Cognitive test

KW - Core temperature

KW - Cognition

KW - Heat stress

KW - Heat strain

KW - Hyperthermia

KW - Motor performance

KW - Task complexity

KW - Visuo-motor tracking

U2 - 10.1080/23328940.2017.1368877

DO - 10.1080/23328940.2017.1368877

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29435481

VL - 4

SP - 420

EP - 428

JO - Temperature

JF - Temperature

SN - 2332-8940

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 189869147