Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study

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Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study. / Andersen, Sara Korsgaard; Hardis, Anne L S; Tupper, Oliver Djurhuus; Soja, Anne Merete Boas; Nilsson, Brian; Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli; Andersen, Jens Rikardt.

I: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, Bind 24, 04.2018, s. 90-94.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Andersen, SK, Hardis, ALS, Tupper, OD, Soja, AMB, Nilsson, B, Ulrik, CS & Andersen, JR 2018, 'Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study', Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, bind 24, s. 90-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.01.007

APA

Andersen, S. K., Hardis, A. L. S., Tupper, O. D., Soja, A. M. B., Nilsson, B., Ulrik, C. S., & Andersen, J. R. (2018). Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, 24, 90-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.01.007

Vancouver

Andersen SK, Hardis ALS, Tupper OD, Soja AMB, Nilsson B, Ulrik CS o.a. Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN. 2018 apr;24:90-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.01.007

Author

Andersen, Sara Korsgaard ; Hardis, Anne L S ; Tupper, Oliver Djurhuus ; Soja, Anne Merete Boas ; Nilsson, Brian ; Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli ; Andersen, Jens Rikardt. / Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study. I: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN. 2018 ; Bind 24. s. 90-94.

Bibtex

@article{59c380d73414425ba7730f7f3f2a6c8c,
title = "Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study",
abstract = "Background: Cor pulmonale is a common complication to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and may result in increased pressure in the inferior caval vein and stasis of the liver. The chronic pulmonary hypertension may lead to stasis in the veins from the small intestine and thereby compromise absorption of nutrients.Aim: To investigate whether patients with pulmonary hypertension have reduced absorption capacity compared to COPD patients without cor pulmonale.Methods: Absorption of d-xylose (25 g) and zinc (132 mg), administered as a single dose, was tested in 14 COPD patients, seven with and seven without cor pulmonale. The presence of cor pulmonale was determined by echocardiography. The concentration of d-xylose and zinc were measured in peripheral blood one, two and three hours after ingestion and used as markers of absorption. Furthermore, urine was collected for five hours to determine the amount of excreted d-xylose.Results: No significant difference in absorption of d-xylose (p = 0.28) or zinc (p = 0.51) was found between the two groups. However, a trend towards a delay in d-xylose absorption, as assessed by time-to-peak concentration, was observed in patients with cor pulmonale (p = 0.08). There was no significant difference in the amount of excreted d-xylose in the urine between the groups (p = 0.52). No correlation was found between the tricuspid regurgitation gradient and the absorption of both test-markers (rs = 0.34 and rs = -0.25). Likewise, no correlations were found between the inferior caval pressure during the in- and expiration phases and the absorption of d-xylose (rs = -0.09 rs = 0.23) or zinc (rs = -0.39, rs = -0.39).Conclusions: We found no indications that small intestinal absorption is affected in a clinically relevant degree in patients with cor pulmonale.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Cor pulmonale, COPD, Malabsorption, D-xylose-absorption, Zinc-absorption",
author = "Andersen, {Sara Korsgaard} and Hardis, {Anne L S} and Tupper, {Oliver Djurhuus} and Soja, {Anne Merete Boas} and Brian Nilsson and Ulrik, {Charlotte Suppli} and Andersen, {Jens Rikardt}",
note = "CURIS 2018 NEXS 109",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.01.007",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "90--94",
journal = "Clinical Nutrition ESPEN",
issn = "2405-4577",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Small intestinal absorption in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease complicated by cor pulmonale - A pilot study

AU - Andersen, Sara Korsgaard

AU - Hardis, Anne L S

AU - Tupper, Oliver Djurhuus

AU - Soja, Anne Merete Boas

AU - Nilsson, Brian

AU - Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli

AU - Andersen, Jens Rikardt

N1 - CURIS 2018 NEXS 109

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - Background: Cor pulmonale is a common complication to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and may result in increased pressure in the inferior caval vein and stasis of the liver. The chronic pulmonary hypertension may lead to stasis in the veins from the small intestine and thereby compromise absorption of nutrients.Aim: To investigate whether patients with pulmonary hypertension have reduced absorption capacity compared to COPD patients without cor pulmonale.Methods: Absorption of d-xylose (25 g) and zinc (132 mg), administered as a single dose, was tested in 14 COPD patients, seven with and seven without cor pulmonale. The presence of cor pulmonale was determined by echocardiography. The concentration of d-xylose and zinc were measured in peripheral blood one, two and three hours after ingestion and used as markers of absorption. Furthermore, urine was collected for five hours to determine the amount of excreted d-xylose.Results: No significant difference in absorption of d-xylose (p = 0.28) or zinc (p = 0.51) was found between the two groups. However, a trend towards a delay in d-xylose absorption, as assessed by time-to-peak concentration, was observed in patients with cor pulmonale (p = 0.08). There was no significant difference in the amount of excreted d-xylose in the urine between the groups (p = 0.52). No correlation was found between the tricuspid regurgitation gradient and the absorption of both test-markers (rs = 0.34 and rs = -0.25). Likewise, no correlations were found between the inferior caval pressure during the in- and expiration phases and the absorption of d-xylose (rs = -0.09 rs = 0.23) or zinc (rs = -0.39, rs = -0.39).Conclusions: We found no indications that small intestinal absorption is affected in a clinically relevant degree in patients with cor pulmonale.

AB - Background: Cor pulmonale is a common complication to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and may result in increased pressure in the inferior caval vein and stasis of the liver. The chronic pulmonary hypertension may lead to stasis in the veins from the small intestine and thereby compromise absorption of nutrients.Aim: To investigate whether patients with pulmonary hypertension have reduced absorption capacity compared to COPD patients without cor pulmonale.Methods: Absorption of d-xylose (25 g) and zinc (132 mg), administered as a single dose, was tested in 14 COPD patients, seven with and seven without cor pulmonale. The presence of cor pulmonale was determined by echocardiography. The concentration of d-xylose and zinc were measured in peripheral blood one, two and three hours after ingestion and used as markers of absorption. Furthermore, urine was collected for five hours to determine the amount of excreted d-xylose.Results: No significant difference in absorption of d-xylose (p = 0.28) or zinc (p = 0.51) was found between the two groups. However, a trend towards a delay in d-xylose absorption, as assessed by time-to-peak concentration, was observed in patients with cor pulmonale (p = 0.08). There was no significant difference in the amount of excreted d-xylose in the urine between the groups (p = 0.52). No correlation was found between the tricuspid regurgitation gradient and the absorption of both test-markers (rs = 0.34 and rs = -0.25). Likewise, no correlations were found between the inferior caval pressure during the in- and expiration phases and the absorption of d-xylose (rs = -0.09 rs = 0.23) or zinc (rs = -0.39, rs = -0.39).Conclusions: We found no indications that small intestinal absorption is affected in a clinically relevant degree in patients with cor pulmonale.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Cor pulmonale

KW - COPD

KW - Malabsorption

KW - D-xylose-absorption

KW - Zinc-absorption

U2 - 10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.01.007

DO - 10.1016/j.clnesp.2018.01.007

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29576370

VL - 24

SP - 90

EP - 94

JO - Clinical Nutrition ESPEN

JF - Clinical Nutrition ESPEN

SN - 2405-4577

ER -

ID: 194522814