Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise

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Standard

Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise. / Roepstorff, Carsten; Halberg, Nils; Hillig, Thore; Saha, Asish K.; Ruderman, Neil B.; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen; Richter, Erik A.; Kiens, Bente.

I: American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, Bind 288, Nr. 1, 2005, s. E133-E142.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Roepstorff, C, Halberg, N, Hillig, T, Saha, AK, Ruderman, NB, Wojtaszewski, J, Richter, EA & Kiens, B 2005, 'Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise', American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, bind 288, nr. 1, s. E133-E142. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00379.2004

APA

Roepstorff, C., Halberg, N., Hillig, T., Saha, A. K., Ruderman, N. B., Wojtaszewski, J., ... Kiens, B. (2005). Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 288(1), E133-E142. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00379.2004

Vancouver

Roepstorff C, Halberg N, Hillig T, Saha AK, Ruderman NB, Wojtaszewski J o.a. Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2005;288(1):E133-E142. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00379.2004

Author

Roepstorff, Carsten ; Halberg, Nils ; Hillig, Thore ; Saha, Asish K. ; Ruderman, Neil B. ; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen ; Richter, Erik A. ; Kiens, Bente. / Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise. I: American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2005 ; Bind 288, Nr. 1. s. E133-E142.

Bibtex

@article{937f4f70e83011dbbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise",
abstract = "Intracellular mechanisms regulating fat oxidation were investigated in human skeletal muscle during exercise. Eight young, healthy, moderately trained men performed bicycle exercise (60 min, 65{\%} peak O2 consumption) on two occasions, where they ingested either 1) a high-carbohydrate diet (H-CHO) or 2) a low-carbohydrate diet (L-CHO) before exercise to alter muscle glycogen content as well as to induce, respectively, low and high rates of fat oxidation. Leg fat oxidation was 122{\%} higher during exercise in L-CHO than in H-CHO (P < 0.001). In keeping with this, the activity of a2-AMP-activated protein kinase (a2-AMPK) was increased twice as much in L-CHO as in H-CHO (P < 0.01) at 60 min of exercise. However, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC){\ss} Ser221 phosphorylation was increased to the same extent (6-fold) under the two conditions. The concentration of malonyl-CoA was reduced 13{\%} by exercise in both conditions (P < 0.05). Pyruvate dehydrogenase activity was higher during exercise in H-CHO than in L-CHO (P < 0.01). In H-CHO only, the concentrations of acetyl-CoA and acetylcarnitine were increased (P < 0.001), and the concentration of free carnitine was decreased (P < 0.01), by exercise. The data suggest that a decrease in the concentration of malonyl-CoA, secondary to a2-AMPK activation and ACC inhibition (by phosphorylation), contributes to the increase in fat oxidation observed at the onset of exercise regardless of muscle glycogen levels. They also suggest that, with high muscle glycogen, the availability of free carnitine may limit fat oxidation during exercise, due to its increased use for acetylcarnitine formation.",
author = "Carsten Roepstorff and Nils Halberg and Thore Hillig and Saha, {Asish K.} and Ruderman, {Neil B.} and J{\o}rgen Wojtaszewski and Richter, {Erik A.} and Bente Kiens",
note = "PUF 2005 5200 007",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1152/ajpendo.00379.2004",
language = "English",
volume = "288",
pages = "E133--E142",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism",
issn = "0193-1849",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Malonyl-CoA and carnitine in regulation of fat oxidation in human skeletal muscle during exercise

AU - Roepstorff, Carsten

AU - Halberg, Nils

AU - Hillig, Thore

AU - Saha, Asish K.

AU - Ruderman, Neil B.

AU - Wojtaszewski, Jørgen

AU - Richter, Erik A.

AU - Kiens, Bente

N1 - PUF 2005 5200 007

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Intracellular mechanisms regulating fat oxidation were investigated in human skeletal muscle during exercise. Eight young, healthy, moderately trained men performed bicycle exercise (60 min, 65% peak O2 consumption) on two occasions, where they ingested either 1) a high-carbohydrate diet (H-CHO) or 2) a low-carbohydrate diet (L-CHO) before exercise to alter muscle glycogen content as well as to induce, respectively, low and high rates of fat oxidation. Leg fat oxidation was 122% higher during exercise in L-CHO than in H-CHO (P < 0.001). In keeping with this, the activity of a2-AMP-activated protein kinase (a2-AMPK) was increased twice as much in L-CHO as in H-CHO (P < 0.01) at 60 min of exercise. However, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC)ß Ser221 phosphorylation was increased to the same extent (6-fold) under the two conditions. The concentration of malonyl-CoA was reduced 13% by exercise in both conditions (P < 0.05). Pyruvate dehydrogenase activity was higher during exercise in H-CHO than in L-CHO (P < 0.01). In H-CHO only, the concentrations of acetyl-CoA and acetylcarnitine were increased (P < 0.001), and the concentration of free carnitine was decreased (P < 0.01), by exercise. The data suggest that a decrease in the concentration of malonyl-CoA, secondary to a2-AMPK activation and ACC inhibition (by phosphorylation), contributes to the increase in fat oxidation observed at the onset of exercise regardless of muscle glycogen levels. They also suggest that, with high muscle glycogen, the availability of free carnitine may limit fat oxidation during exercise, due to its increased use for acetylcarnitine formation.

AB - Intracellular mechanisms regulating fat oxidation were investigated in human skeletal muscle during exercise. Eight young, healthy, moderately trained men performed bicycle exercise (60 min, 65% peak O2 consumption) on two occasions, where they ingested either 1) a high-carbohydrate diet (H-CHO) or 2) a low-carbohydrate diet (L-CHO) before exercise to alter muscle glycogen content as well as to induce, respectively, low and high rates of fat oxidation. Leg fat oxidation was 122% higher during exercise in L-CHO than in H-CHO (P < 0.001). In keeping with this, the activity of a2-AMP-activated protein kinase (a2-AMPK) was increased twice as much in L-CHO as in H-CHO (P < 0.01) at 60 min of exercise. However, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC)ß Ser221 phosphorylation was increased to the same extent (6-fold) under the two conditions. The concentration of malonyl-CoA was reduced 13% by exercise in both conditions (P < 0.05). Pyruvate dehydrogenase activity was higher during exercise in H-CHO than in L-CHO (P < 0.01). In H-CHO only, the concentrations of acetyl-CoA and acetylcarnitine were increased (P < 0.001), and the concentration of free carnitine was decreased (P < 0.01), by exercise. The data suggest that a decrease in the concentration of malonyl-CoA, secondary to a2-AMPK activation and ACC inhibition (by phosphorylation), contributes to the increase in fat oxidation observed at the onset of exercise regardless of muscle glycogen levels. They also suggest that, with high muscle glycogen, the availability of free carnitine may limit fat oxidation during exercise, due to its increased use for acetylcarnitine formation.

U2 - 10.1152/ajpendo.00379.2004

DO - 10.1152/ajpendo.00379.2004

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15383373

VL - 288

SP - E133-E142

JO - American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism

JF - American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism

SN - 0193-1849

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 92622