Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man

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Standard

Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man. / Helge, Jørn Wulff; Richter, Erik; Kiens, Bente.

I: Journal of Physiology, Bind 492, Nr. 1, 01.04.1996, s. 293-306.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Helge, JW, Richter, E & Kiens, B 1996, 'Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man', Journal of Physiology, bind 492, nr. 1, s. 293-306. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021309

APA

Helge, J. W., Richter, E., & Kiens, B. (1996). Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man. Journal of Physiology, 492(1), 293-306. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021309

Vancouver

Helge JW, Richter E, Kiens B. Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man. Journal of Physiology. 1996 apr 1;492(1):293-306. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021309

Author

Helge, Jørn Wulff ; Richter, Erik ; Kiens, Bente. / Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man. I: Journal of Physiology. 1996 ; Bind 492, Nr. 1. s. 293-306.

Bibtex

@article{9b14821f13e24b3494fe1097fc605e75,
title = "Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man",
abstract = "1. Ten untrained young men ingested a carbohydrate-rich diet (65 energy percent (E%) carbohydrate, T-CHO) and ten similar subjects a fat-rich diet (62 E% fat, T-FAT) while endurance training was performed 3-4 times a week for 7 weeks. For another 8th week of training both groups ingested the carbohydrate-rich diet (T-CHO and T-FAT/CHO). 2. Maximal oxygen uptake increased by 11% (P <0.05) in both groups after 7 and 8 weeks. Time to exhaustion at 81% of pre-training maximal oxygen uptake increased significantly from a mean (+/- S.E.M.) of 35 +/- 4 min to 102 +/- 5 and 65 +/- 7 min in T-CHO and T-FAT, respectively, after 7 weeks (P <0.05, T-CHO vs. T-FAT). After 8 weeks, endurance remained unchanged in T-CHO but increased (P <0.05) to 77 +/- 9 min in T-FAT/CHO which, however, was still less (P <0.05) than in T-CHO. 3. Muscle glycogen breakdown rate during exercise was halved by endurance training equally in both T-CHO and T-FAT after 7 and 8 weeks, and muscle glycogen stores at exhaustion were not depleted in any group. 4. During exercise after 7 weeks, the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) was unchanged in T-CHO (0.88 +/- 0.01) compared with pre-training but decreased (P <0.05) to 0.82 +/- 0.02 in T-FAT. After 8 weeks, RER in both T-CHO and T-FAT/CHO was approximately 0.87. 5. During exercise, plasma noradrenaline concentration and heart rate were higher in T-FAT than in T-CHO both at 7 and at 8 weeks. 6. It is concluded that ingesting a fat-rich diet during an endurance training programme is detrimental to improvement in endurance. This is not due to a simple lack of carbohydrate fuel, but rather to suboptimal adaptations that are not remedied by short-term increased carbohydrate availability. Furthermore, the study suggests that the decrease in RER usually seen after training when exercising at the same absolute intensity as before training can be prevented by a carbohydrate-rich diet.",
keywords = "Adult, Biopsy, Blood Proteins, Diet, Dietary Carbohydrates, Dietary Fats, Energy Metabolism, Exercise, Fatty Acids, Glycogen, Heart Rate, Humans, Male, Muscle, Skeletal, Oxygen Consumption, Physical Endurance, Time Factors",
author = "Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff} and Erik Richter and Bente Kiens",
year = "1996",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021309",
language = "English",
volume = "492",
pages = "293--306",
journal = "The Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0022-3751",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

AU - Richter, Erik

AU - Kiens, Bente

PY - 1996/4/1

Y1 - 1996/4/1

N2 - 1. Ten untrained young men ingested a carbohydrate-rich diet (65 energy percent (E%) carbohydrate, T-CHO) and ten similar subjects a fat-rich diet (62 E% fat, T-FAT) while endurance training was performed 3-4 times a week for 7 weeks. For another 8th week of training both groups ingested the carbohydrate-rich diet (T-CHO and T-FAT/CHO). 2. Maximal oxygen uptake increased by 11% (P <0.05) in both groups after 7 and 8 weeks. Time to exhaustion at 81% of pre-training maximal oxygen uptake increased significantly from a mean (+/- S.E.M.) of 35 +/- 4 min to 102 +/- 5 and 65 +/- 7 min in T-CHO and T-FAT, respectively, after 7 weeks (P <0.05, T-CHO vs. T-FAT). After 8 weeks, endurance remained unchanged in T-CHO but increased (P <0.05) to 77 +/- 9 min in T-FAT/CHO which, however, was still less (P <0.05) than in T-CHO. 3. Muscle glycogen breakdown rate during exercise was halved by endurance training equally in both T-CHO and T-FAT after 7 and 8 weeks, and muscle glycogen stores at exhaustion were not depleted in any group. 4. During exercise after 7 weeks, the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) was unchanged in T-CHO (0.88 +/- 0.01) compared with pre-training but decreased (P <0.05) to 0.82 +/- 0.02 in T-FAT. After 8 weeks, RER in both T-CHO and T-FAT/CHO was approximately 0.87. 5. During exercise, plasma noradrenaline concentration and heart rate were higher in T-FAT than in T-CHO both at 7 and at 8 weeks. 6. It is concluded that ingesting a fat-rich diet during an endurance training programme is detrimental to improvement in endurance. This is not due to a simple lack of carbohydrate fuel, but rather to suboptimal adaptations that are not remedied by short-term increased carbohydrate availability. Furthermore, the study suggests that the decrease in RER usually seen after training when exercising at the same absolute intensity as before training can be prevented by a carbohydrate-rich diet.

AB - 1. Ten untrained young men ingested a carbohydrate-rich diet (65 energy percent (E%) carbohydrate, T-CHO) and ten similar subjects a fat-rich diet (62 E% fat, T-FAT) while endurance training was performed 3-4 times a week for 7 weeks. For another 8th week of training both groups ingested the carbohydrate-rich diet (T-CHO and T-FAT/CHO). 2. Maximal oxygen uptake increased by 11% (P <0.05) in both groups after 7 and 8 weeks. Time to exhaustion at 81% of pre-training maximal oxygen uptake increased significantly from a mean (+/- S.E.M.) of 35 +/- 4 min to 102 +/- 5 and 65 +/- 7 min in T-CHO and T-FAT, respectively, after 7 weeks (P <0.05, T-CHO vs. T-FAT). After 8 weeks, endurance remained unchanged in T-CHO but increased (P <0.05) to 77 +/- 9 min in T-FAT/CHO which, however, was still less (P <0.05) than in T-CHO. 3. Muscle glycogen breakdown rate during exercise was halved by endurance training equally in both T-CHO and T-FAT after 7 and 8 weeks, and muscle glycogen stores at exhaustion were not depleted in any group. 4. During exercise after 7 weeks, the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) was unchanged in T-CHO (0.88 +/- 0.01) compared with pre-training but decreased (P <0.05) to 0.82 +/- 0.02 in T-FAT. After 8 weeks, RER in both T-CHO and T-FAT/CHO was approximately 0.87. 5. During exercise, plasma noradrenaline concentration and heart rate were higher in T-FAT than in T-CHO both at 7 and at 8 weeks. 6. It is concluded that ingesting a fat-rich diet during an endurance training programme is detrimental to improvement in endurance. This is not due to a simple lack of carbohydrate fuel, but rather to suboptimal adaptations that are not remedied by short-term increased carbohydrate availability. Furthermore, the study suggests that the decrease in RER usually seen after training when exercising at the same absolute intensity as before training can be prevented by a carbohydrate-rich diet.

KW - Adult

KW - Biopsy

KW - Blood Proteins

KW - Diet

KW - Dietary Carbohydrates

KW - Dietary Fats

KW - Energy Metabolism

KW - Exercise

KW - Fatty Acids

KW - Glycogen

KW - Heart Rate

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Muscle, Skeletal

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Physical Endurance

KW - Time Factors

U2 - 10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021309

DO - 10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021309

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 8730603

VL - 492

SP - 293

EP - 306

JO - The Journal of Physiology

JF - The Journal of Physiology

SN - 0022-3751

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 33862117