Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition

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Standard

Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition. / Taube, Wolfgang; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper; Schubert, Martin; Gollhofer, Albert; Leukel, Christian.

I: P L o S One, Bind 6, Nr. 10, 2011, s. e25657 (1-6).

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Taube, W, Lundbye-Jensen, J, Schubert, M, Gollhofer, A & Leukel, C 2011, 'Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition', P L o S One, bind 6, nr. 10, s. e25657 (1-6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025657

APA

Taube, W., Lundbye-Jensen, J., Schubert, M., Gollhofer, A., & Leukel, C. (2011). Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition. P L o S One, 6(10), e25657 (1-6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025657

Vancouver

Taube W, Lundbye-Jensen J, Schubert M, Gollhofer A, Leukel C. Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition. P L o S One. 2011; 6(10):e25657 (1-6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025657

Author

Taube, Wolfgang ; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper ; Schubert, Martin ; Gollhofer, Albert ; Leukel, Christian. / Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition. I: P L o S One. 2011 ; Bind 6, Nr. 10. s. e25657 (1-6).

Bibtex

@article{c9c9c4697915405b9f938e3a781a36e3,
title = "Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition",
abstract = "At the onset of dynamic movements excitation of the motor cortex (M1) is spatially restricted to areas representing the involved muscles whereas adjacent areas are inhibited. The current study elucidates whether the cortical motor command for dynamic contractions is also restricted to a certain population of cortical neurons responsible for the fast corticospinal projections. Therefore, corticospinal transmission was assessed with high temporal resolution during dynamic contractions after both, magnetic stimulation over M1 and the brainstem. The high temporal resolution could be obtained by conditioning the soleus H-reflex with different interstimulus intervals by cervicomedullary stimulation (CMS-conditioning) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of M1 (M1-conditioning). This technique provides a precise time course of facilitation and inhibition. CMS- and M1-conditioning produced an 'early facilitation' of the H-reflex, which occurred around 3 ms earlier with CMS-conditioning. The early facilitation is believed to be caused by activation of direct monosynaptic projections to the spinal motoneurons. CMS-conditioning resulted in a subsequent 'late facilitation', which is considered to reflect activity of slow-conducting and/or indirect corticospinal pathways. In contrast, M1-conditioning produced a 'late dis-facilitation' or even 'late inhibition'. As the late dis-facilitation was only seen following M1- but not CMS-conditioning, it is argued that cortical activation during dynamic tasks is restricted to fast, direct corticospinal projections whereas corticomotoneurons responsible for slow and/or indirectly projecting corticospinal pathways are inhibited. The functional significance of restricting the descending cortical drive to fast corticospinal pathways may be to ensure a temporally focused motor command during the execution of dynamic movements.",
author = "Wolfgang Taube and Jesper Lundbye-Jensen and Martin Schubert and Albert Gollhofer and Christian Leukel",
note = "CURIS 2011 5200 151",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0025657",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "e25657 (1--6)",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence that the cortical motor command for the initiation of dynamic plantarflexion consists of excitation followed by inhibition

AU - Taube, Wolfgang

AU - Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper

AU - Schubert, Martin

AU - Gollhofer, Albert

AU - Leukel, Christian

N1 - CURIS 2011 5200 151

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - At the onset of dynamic movements excitation of the motor cortex (M1) is spatially restricted to areas representing the involved muscles whereas adjacent areas are inhibited. The current study elucidates whether the cortical motor command for dynamic contractions is also restricted to a certain population of cortical neurons responsible for the fast corticospinal projections. Therefore, corticospinal transmission was assessed with high temporal resolution during dynamic contractions after both, magnetic stimulation over M1 and the brainstem. The high temporal resolution could be obtained by conditioning the soleus H-reflex with different interstimulus intervals by cervicomedullary stimulation (CMS-conditioning) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of M1 (M1-conditioning). This technique provides a precise time course of facilitation and inhibition. CMS- and M1-conditioning produced an 'early facilitation' of the H-reflex, which occurred around 3 ms earlier with CMS-conditioning. The early facilitation is believed to be caused by activation of direct monosynaptic projections to the spinal motoneurons. CMS-conditioning resulted in a subsequent 'late facilitation', which is considered to reflect activity of slow-conducting and/or indirect corticospinal pathways. In contrast, M1-conditioning produced a 'late dis-facilitation' or even 'late inhibition'. As the late dis-facilitation was only seen following M1- but not CMS-conditioning, it is argued that cortical activation during dynamic tasks is restricted to fast, direct corticospinal projections whereas corticomotoneurons responsible for slow and/or indirectly projecting corticospinal pathways are inhibited. The functional significance of restricting the descending cortical drive to fast corticospinal pathways may be to ensure a temporally focused motor command during the execution of dynamic movements.

AB - At the onset of dynamic movements excitation of the motor cortex (M1) is spatially restricted to areas representing the involved muscles whereas adjacent areas are inhibited. The current study elucidates whether the cortical motor command for dynamic contractions is also restricted to a certain population of cortical neurons responsible for the fast corticospinal projections. Therefore, corticospinal transmission was assessed with high temporal resolution during dynamic contractions after both, magnetic stimulation over M1 and the brainstem. The high temporal resolution could be obtained by conditioning the soleus H-reflex with different interstimulus intervals by cervicomedullary stimulation (CMS-conditioning) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of M1 (M1-conditioning). This technique provides a precise time course of facilitation and inhibition. CMS- and M1-conditioning produced an 'early facilitation' of the H-reflex, which occurred around 3 ms earlier with CMS-conditioning. The early facilitation is believed to be caused by activation of direct monosynaptic projections to the spinal motoneurons. CMS-conditioning resulted in a subsequent 'late facilitation', which is considered to reflect activity of slow-conducting and/or indirect corticospinal pathways. In contrast, M1-conditioning produced a 'late dis-facilitation' or even 'late inhibition'. As the late dis-facilitation was only seen following M1- but not CMS-conditioning, it is argued that cortical activation during dynamic tasks is restricted to fast, direct corticospinal projections whereas corticomotoneurons responsible for slow and/or indirectly projecting corticospinal pathways are inhibited. The functional significance of restricting the descending cortical drive to fast corticospinal pathways may be to ensure a temporally focused motor command during the execution of dynamic movements.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0025657

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0025657

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

SP - e25657 (1-6)

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 35306372