Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior. / Schmidt, Julie Berg; Johanneson Bertolt, Christel; Sjödin, Anders Mikael; Ackermann, Frederik; Schmedes, Anne Vibeke; Lynge Thomsen, Henriette; Juncher, Anne Marie; Hjorth, Mads Fiil.

I: Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress , Bind 21, Nr. 6, 2018, s. 556-563.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Schmidt, JB, Johanneson Bertolt, C, Sjödin, AM, Ackermann, F, Schmedes, AV, Lynge Thomsen, H, Juncher, AM & Hjorth, MF 2018, 'Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior', Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress , bind 21, nr. 6, s. 556-563. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2018.1494149

APA

Schmidt, J. B., Johanneson Bertolt, C., Sjödin, A. M., Ackermann, F., Schmedes, A. V., Lynge Thomsen, H., ... Hjorth, M. F. (2018). Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior. Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress , 21(6), 556-563. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2018.1494149

Vancouver

Schmidt JB, Johanneson Bertolt C, Sjödin AM, Ackermann F, Schmedes AV, Lynge Thomsen H o.a. Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior. Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress . 2018;21(6):556-563. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2018.1494149

Author

Schmidt, Julie Berg ; Johanneson Bertolt, Christel ; Sjödin, Anders Mikael ; Ackermann, Frederik ; Schmedes, Anne Vibeke ; Lynge Thomsen, Henriette ; Juncher, Anne Marie ; Hjorth, Mads Fiil. / Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior. I: Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress . 2018 ; Bind 21, Nr. 6. s. 556-563.

Bibtex

@article{90aced33b5114689b5fd491ec0c0d6b5,
title = "Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior",
abstract = "Lay summary: Human and animal studies have shown that chronic stress interfers with both homeostatic and hedonic appetite control. Here, we investigated the effect of chronic stress on food preferences and eating behavior in real life settings. In random order, fifty healthy students participated in two test periods of 4-5 days; a stressful period (one week prior to an examination) and a nonstressful period (four weeks after an examination). Food preferences were assessed by counting money spent on highly rewarding foods bought with gift certificates, and changes in eating behavior was further assessed by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale, the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire, heart rate variability and Cortisol awakening response were used to evaluate the level of stress. Data on glycemic control, blood pressure, physical activity and sleep were also collected. Forty-four subjects had complete data on the primary outcome. Self-perceived stress was higher and recovery lower in the exam period (p ≤ .001). Subjects were less cognitively restrained (p = .037), less moderately-to-vigorously and lightly physically active (p ≤ .037) and were more sedentary (p = .009) in the examination period. However, no difference was found in money spent on high reward foods, disinhibition or hunger between the examination and control condition. Furthermore, no differences in the physiological markers of stress, glycemic measures and sleep were found. Data does not convincingly support the hypothesis that perceived stress increases the preference for highly palatable foods or leads to adverse effects on different markers of health. However, the stressor might have been to mild to induce obesogenic behaviors.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Stress, Appetite, Food preferences, Eating behavior, Obesogenic behavior, Hedonic eating",
author = "Schmidt, {Julie Berg} and {Johanneson Bertolt}, Christel and Sj{\"o}din, {Anders Mikael} and Frederik Ackermann and Schmedes, {Anne Vibeke} and {Lynge Thomsen}, Henriette and Juncher, {Anne Marie} and Hjorth, {Mads Fiil}",
note = "CURIS 2018 NEXS 373",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/10253890.2018.1494149",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "556--563",
journal = "Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress",
issn = "1025-3890",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does stress affect food preferences? - A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of examination stress on measures of food preferences and obesogenic behavior

AU - Schmidt, Julie Berg

AU - Johanneson Bertolt, Christel

AU - Sjödin, Anders Mikael

AU - Ackermann, Frederik

AU - Schmedes, Anne Vibeke

AU - Lynge Thomsen, Henriette

AU - Juncher, Anne Marie

AU - Hjorth, Mads Fiil

N1 - CURIS 2018 NEXS 373

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Lay summary: Human and animal studies have shown that chronic stress interfers with both homeostatic and hedonic appetite control. Here, we investigated the effect of chronic stress on food preferences and eating behavior in real life settings. In random order, fifty healthy students participated in two test periods of 4-5 days; a stressful period (one week prior to an examination) and a nonstressful period (four weeks after an examination). Food preferences were assessed by counting money spent on highly rewarding foods bought with gift certificates, and changes in eating behavior was further assessed by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale, the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire, heart rate variability and Cortisol awakening response were used to evaluate the level of stress. Data on glycemic control, blood pressure, physical activity and sleep were also collected. Forty-four subjects had complete data on the primary outcome. Self-perceived stress was higher and recovery lower in the exam period (p ≤ .001). Subjects were less cognitively restrained (p = .037), less moderately-to-vigorously and lightly physically active (p ≤ .037) and were more sedentary (p = .009) in the examination period. However, no difference was found in money spent on high reward foods, disinhibition or hunger between the examination and control condition. Furthermore, no differences in the physiological markers of stress, glycemic measures and sleep were found. Data does not convincingly support the hypothesis that perceived stress increases the preference for highly palatable foods or leads to adverse effects on different markers of health. However, the stressor might have been to mild to induce obesogenic behaviors.

AB - Lay summary: Human and animal studies have shown that chronic stress interfers with both homeostatic and hedonic appetite control. Here, we investigated the effect of chronic stress on food preferences and eating behavior in real life settings. In random order, fifty healthy students participated in two test periods of 4-5 days; a stressful period (one week prior to an examination) and a nonstressful period (four weeks after an examination). Food preferences were assessed by counting money spent on highly rewarding foods bought with gift certificates, and changes in eating behavior was further assessed by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale, the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire, heart rate variability and Cortisol awakening response were used to evaluate the level of stress. Data on glycemic control, blood pressure, physical activity and sleep were also collected. Forty-four subjects had complete data on the primary outcome. Self-perceived stress was higher and recovery lower in the exam period (p ≤ .001). Subjects were less cognitively restrained (p = .037), less moderately-to-vigorously and lightly physically active (p ≤ .037) and were more sedentary (p = .009) in the examination period. However, no difference was found in money spent on high reward foods, disinhibition or hunger between the examination and control condition. Furthermore, no differences in the physiological markers of stress, glycemic measures and sleep were found. Data does not convincingly support the hypothesis that perceived stress increases the preference for highly palatable foods or leads to adverse effects on different markers of health. However, the stressor might have been to mild to induce obesogenic behaviors.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Stress

KW - Appetite

KW - Food preferences

KW - Eating behavior

KW - Obesogenic behavior

KW - Hedonic eating

U2 - 10.1080/10253890.2018.1494149

DO - 10.1080/10253890.2018.1494149

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30388041

VL - 21

SP - 556

EP - 563

JO - Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress

JF - Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress

SN - 1025-3890

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 204472762