Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population

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Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population. / Kjølbæk, Louise; Lorenzen, Janne Kunchel; Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup; Astrup, Arne.

I: Journal of Nutritional Science, Bind 6, e50, 2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kjølbæk, L, Lorenzen, JK, Larsen, LH & Astrup, A 2017, 'Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population', Journal of Nutritional Science, bind 6, e50. https://doi.org/10.1017/jns.2017.55

APA

Kjølbæk, L., Lorenzen, J. K., Larsen, L. H., & Astrup, A. (2017). Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population. Journal of Nutritional Science, 6, [e50]. https://doi.org/10.1017/jns.2017.55

Vancouver

Kjølbæk L, Lorenzen JK, Larsen LH, Astrup A. Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population. Journal of Nutritional Science. 2017;6. e50. https://doi.org/10.1017/jns.2017.55

Author

Kjølbæk, Louise ; Lorenzen, Janne Kunchel ; Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup ; Astrup, Arne. / Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population. I: Journal of Nutritional Science. 2017 ; Bind 6.

Bibtex

@article{ef1811c8340b470e9d8b77971a487309,
title = "Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between the habitual Ca intake and faecal fat and energy excretion as well as blood lipid profile in free-living normal-weight and overweight individuals. The participants were enrolled for an 8-d period where data from a 7-d diet registration (days 1–7), a 5-d faeces collection (days 3–7), a 2-d urine collection (days 5–7), and anthropometric measurements and a fasting blood sample (day 8) were collected. Analyses showed that dietary Ca intake (g/10 MJ per d) was positively associated with excretion of faecal fat (P = 0·004) and energy (P = 0·031) when adjusted for BMI, age, sex and intake of Ca-containing supplements. However, after adjustment for intake of fibre, the effect of Ca intake disappeared. Nevertheless, total cholesterol (CHOL) and LDL-CHOL concentrations were associated negatively with Ca intake (β −0·62 (95 {\%} CI −0·96, −0·28) mmol/l, P < 0·001, and β −0·49 (95 {\%} CI −0·78, −0·20) mmol/l, P = 0·001, respectively, per 1000 mg/10 MJ per d increase in Ca intake). In conclusion, incorporation of Ca-rich food products in a habitual diet was associated with reduced total CHOL and LDL-CHOL concentrations, which may lower the risk of CVD in the long term.",
keywords = "Cholesterol, Dietary calcium, Faecal energy excretion, Faecal fat excretion, Lipid profile",
author = "Louise Kj{\o}lb{\ae}k and Lorenzen, {Janne Kunchel} and Larsen, {Lesli Hingstrup} and Arne Astrup",
note = "CURIS 2017 NEXS 293",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1017/jns.2017.55",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Journal of Nutritional Science",
issn = "2048-6790",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Calcium intake and the associations with faecal fat and energy excretion, and lipid profile in a free-living population

AU - Kjølbæk, Louise

AU - Lorenzen, Janne Kunchel

AU - Larsen, Lesli Hingstrup

AU - Astrup, Arne

N1 - CURIS 2017 NEXS 293

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between the habitual Ca intake and faecal fat and energy excretion as well as blood lipid profile in free-living normal-weight and overweight individuals. The participants were enrolled for an 8-d period where data from a 7-d diet registration (days 1–7), a 5-d faeces collection (days 3–7), a 2-d urine collection (days 5–7), and anthropometric measurements and a fasting blood sample (day 8) were collected. Analyses showed that dietary Ca intake (g/10 MJ per d) was positively associated with excretion of faecal fat (P = 0·004) and energy (P = 0·031) when adjusted for BMI, age, sex and intake of Ca-containing supplements. However, after adjustment for intake of fibre, the effect of Ca intake disappeared. Nevertheless, total cholesterol (CHOL) and LDL-CHOL concentrations were associated negatively with Ca intake (β −0·62 (95 % CI −0·96, −0·28) mmol/l, P < 0·001, and β −0·49 (95 % CI −0·78, −0·20) mmol/l, P = 0·001, respectively, per 1000 mg/10 MJ per d increase in Ca intake). In conclusion, incorporation of Ca-rich food products in a habitual diet was associated with reduced total CHOL and LDL-CHOL concentrations, which may lower the risk of CVD in the long term.

AB - The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between the habitual Ca intake and faecal fat and energy excretion as well as blood lipid profile in free-living normal-weight and overweight individuals. The participants were enrolled for an 8-d period where data from a 7-d diet registration (days 1–7), a 5-d faeces collection (days 3–7), a 2-d urine collection (days 5–7), and anthropometric measurements and a fasting blood sample (day 8) were collected. Analyses showed that dietary Ca intake (g/10 MJ per d) was positively associated with excretion of faecal fat (P = 0·004) and energy (P = 0·031) when adjusted for BMI, age, sex and intake of Ca-containing supplements. However, after adjustment for intake of fibre, the effect of Ca intake disappeared. Nevertheless, total cholesterol (CHOL) and LDL-CHOL concentrations were associated negatively with Ca intake (β −0·62 (95 % CI −0·96, −0·28) mmol/l, P < 0·001, and β −0·49 (95 % CI −0·78, −0·20) mmol/l, P = 0·001, respectively, per 1000 mg/10 MJ per d increase in Ca intake). In conclusion, incorporation of Ca-rich food products in a habitual diet was associated with reduced total CHOL and LDL-CHOL concentrations, which may lower the risk of CVD in the long term.

KW - Cholesterol

KW - Dietary calcium

KW - Faecal energy excretion

KW - Faecal fat excretion

KW - Lipid profile

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85030833586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/jns.2017.55

DO - 10.1017/jns.2017.55

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29152254

AN - SCOPUS:85030833586

VL - 6

JO - Journal of Nutritional Science

JF - Journal of Nutritional Science

SN - 2048-6790

M1 - e50

ER -

ID: 185184998