Beta2-adrenoceptor agonist salbutamol increases protein turnover rates and alters signalling in skeletal muscle after resistance exercise in young men
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The effect of beta2-adrenoceptor stimulation on skeletal muscle protein turnover and intracellular signalling is insufficiently explored in humans, particularly in association with exercise. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study investigating 12 trained men, the effects of beta2-agonist (6 × 4 mg oral salbutamol) on protein turnover rates, intracellular signalling and mRNA response in skeletal muscle were investigated 0.5-5 h after quadriceps resistance exercise. Each trial was preceded by a 4-day lead-in treatment period. Leg protein turnover rates were assessed by infusion of [13C6]-phenylalanine and sampling of arterial and venous blood, as well as vastus lateralis muscle biopsies 0.5 and 5 h after exercise. Furthermore, myofibrillar fractional synthesis rate, intracellular signalling and mRNA response were measured in muscle biopsies. The mean (95% confidence interval) myofibrillar fractional synthesis rate was higher for salbutamol than placebo [0.079 (95% CI, 0.064 to 0.093) vs. 0.066 (95% CI, 0.056 to 0.075%) × h-1] (P < 0.05). Mean net leg phenylalanine balance 0.5-5 h after exercise was higher for salbutamol than placebo [3.6 (95% CI, 1.0 to 6.2 nmol) × min-1 × 100 gLeg Lean Mass -1] (P < 0.01). Phosphorylation of Akt2, cAMP response element binding protein and PKA substrate 0.5 and 5 h after exercise, as well as phosphorylation of eEF2 5 h after exercise, was higher (P < 0.05) for salbutamol than placebo. Calpain-1, Forkhead box protein O1, myostatin and Smad3 mRNA content was higher (P < 0.01) for salbutamol than placebo 0.5 h after exercise, as well as Forkhead box protein O1 and myostatin mRNA content 5 h after exercise, whereas ActivinRIIB mRNA content was lower (P < 0.01) for salbutamol 5 h after exercise. These observations suggest that beta2-agonist increases protein turnover rates in skeletal muscle after resistance exercise in humans, with concomitant cAMP/PKA and Akt2 signalling, as well as modulation of mRNA response of growth-regulating proteins.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Physiology|
|Status||Udgivet - 2018|
CURIS 2018 NEXS 268